Cherry trees provide a spectacular display of blooms in spring. After the blooms are gone, the short wait for the fruit that follows takes but a couple of months. Exactly when the cherries bloom and bear fruit depends on variety and location.
Many cultivars of cherries exist, and harvest comes at a different time for each. The growing region plays as much a part in setting the harvest time as the variety being grown. There are early-, mid- and late-season varieties of both sour and sweet cherries.
The blossoms on cherries emerge in early spring, before the leaves appear on the branches. The blooms are short lived, often lasting only a week or so. Fruit begins growing immediately after the blossoms fall from the tree, although it may not be evident.
Harvest begins in late spring and continues into late summer, depending on variety. Some cherry growers base harvest dates on the Bing cherry and list other cherry varieties as maturing a certain number of days before or after Bing. Bing is a mid-season cherry.
In Massachusetts, harvest begins the second week of June and lasts through the first week of July. Northern Illinois growers begin picking two weeks later with the season ending in late July. The climate of Door County, Wisconsin, provides a cherry harvest that begins in late June and lasts through the first week of August.