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The Importance of Fertilizers to Farmers

By Janet Hunt ; Updated September 21, 2017
Fertilization is an important part of farming.
Farming in Australia image by PoveyCam from Fotolia.com

A farmer's living is dependent upon the yield of his crop. Effective fertilization methods can produce more plentiful and healthier crops. Understanding which methods work best is an important part of successful farming.


Just like humans need nutrients and minerals, so do plants. Fertilization can produce a healthier crop that is able to withstand the effects of crop diseases and pests.

Chemical and Organic

Crop fertilization can be achieved by using chemical or organic fertilizers. Most chemical fertilizers are composed of a combination of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. Organic fertilizers include compost, manure, grass clippings or decaying leaves. A benefit of chemical fertilizers is that they work quickly, while organic fertilizers may be better for the environment.

Price Considerations

Fertilizers are expensive. A farmer must consider the amount of fertilizer that will be required for his particular crop. Some crops, such as corn, require a greater amount of fertilizer than other row crops.

Soil Analysis

A farmer's soil should be analyzed for pH balance, phosphorus and potassium levels. A soil that is already rich with these will not need fertilizer containing these ingredients.


In America, all states have fertilizer regulatory programs protecting consumers and regulating quality standards. Most programs are administered by the state department of agriculture.


About the Author


Janet Hunt has worked in the insurance industry for more than 15 years. Now serving in online marketing, she also has expertise in business and finance topics. Hunt received her Bachelor of Business Administration from the University of Phoenix. Hunt has also worked as a food services manager for a high school cafeteria and received her school nutrition certification in 2002.