Gophers are shy creatures that prefer to spend most of their time underground. They burrow and can produce extensive underground tunnels during their lifespan which can last up to 12 years.
Mating and Birth
Gophers usually mate between January and April and a litter of two to six young is born about 19 days later.
Gophers reach sexual maturity at 3 months and males will often leave their burrows to seek out mates when they are 2 months old.
Gophers' teeth grow continuously and they have to gnaw constantly to keep them in check. Gophers are vegetarians eating plant roots, grass and green plant material. They often pull plants down into their burrows from below.
Preferring a life of solitude, gophers typically do not leave their burrows except for mating, to find a new location to dig or to find another food supply. They are active both day and night.
Gophers do not hibernate and remain active underground even in cold winter months. They build compartments in their tunnels to store food.