- Planting Yucca Seeds
- How to Care for My Outdoor Yucca Plant
- How to Water Yucca Plants
- Yucca Root Side Effects
- How to Repot Yucca Plants
- How to Get Rid of Yucca Plants
- How to Peel Yucca Root
- How to Trim Yucca Plants
- How to Prune Yucca Plants
- How to Care for a Yucca Tree Plant
- How to Plant a Bare Root Yucca Plant
- Are Yucca Plant Seeds Poisonous?
Yucca plants are wonderful in your xeriscape (water conserving) landscaping and they are easy to start from seed. You can store yucca seeds for several years before planting them with successful results. A yucca seed may take several months to one year to germinate and it is best to start your yucca seeds indoors. After two to three years, the yucca plant you started from a seed will be ready to be planted in your landscape.
Use sandpaper to scar the surface of your yucca seeds. Scarring roughs the surface coating of the seed to allow the water in and, later, ease the emergence of the new growth.
Fill a clay pot with potting soil that has been formulated for cactus, or use general, all purpose potting soil that you have supplemented with sand. Yucca seeds and plants need very well draining soil.
Plant your yucca seeds to the depth of two times the size of the seed. For example, if the seed is 1/2 inch in size, it should be planted 1 inch deep.
Water the planted yucca seeds and continue to keep the soil slightly moist until you see the yucca sprouts.
Place the pot of planted yucca seeds in a location that receives good, indirect sunlight and is warm. Your yucca seeds will germinate faster if you can keep the temperature of the soil at around 80 degrees F.
Water newly planted yucca plants well during the first season to establish the root system. Water outside yucca plants only every two to three weeks, during extreme dry periods for the following seasons.
Cut back the flower stalk annually after the flowers bloom in the summer. Cut any dead foliage on the yucca each spring. Wear gloves for protection against the sharp edges of the yucca plant.
Apply fertilizer to the outside yucca plant in the spring. Reapply no more than every one or two years, according to your soil conditions and plant development.
Dig up any offshoots emerging in the area around the parent yucca to control or propagate. Plant the offshoots in other areas to establish new yucca plants.
Fill a saucer with a one-inch layer of gravel. Place the container holding the yucca plant on the saucer. The container should have draining holes that are at least 1/2 inch in diameter.
Check to see if the yucca needs watering by feeling the top few inches of soil. The top soil should be 3/4 of the way dry. Water your yucca by lifting it over a sink.
Pour water at the base of the plant. Stop when water drains from the draining holes. Replace the yucca on the saucer.
Press your hand next to the base of the yucca plant and into the first two inches of topsoil. The topsoil should be 1/3 to 1/4 of the way dry before watering.
Pour one inch of water around the dripline of the plant. The dripline is the area underneath its outer branches. One inch of water is a half gallon per square foot of soil. Avoid splashing water on the yucca's base.
Spread six inches of mulch underneath the plant. Keep the mulch away from the base of the yucca.
Give the plant more water in the late fall. Moist soil is warmer than dry soil. Increase the amount to watering twice a week until the temperature dips. Reduce watering in the winter to allow the plant to go into dormancy.
Ingesting several times the recommended amount of the yucca root herbal remedy can result in loose stools, according to the University of Michigan Health Systems. Yucca root powder comes in capsules and these can be swallowed with water or the powder is useful in making a tea.
In test tubes, high amounts of yucca and other plants containing saponins, results in bursting red blood cells, according to the University of Michigan Health Systems. This is called hemolysis. Not enough research has been done to determine if this happens in the human body when ingested by mouth.
Absorption of Vitamins
Using yucca root herbal remedies for more than three months consecutively is not recommended. It can interfere with the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins in the body, according to the University of Michigan Health Systems.
The ornamental use of yucca plants in your landscaping is linked to higher frequencies of allergic rhinitis in individuals, according to the Drugs.com website. Therefore, if you suffer with this seasonal allergy, it is best not to use it in your yard.
Mix together moist peat moss and sand in a 3 to 1 ratio (3 parts of peat to 1 part of sand) and fill the new pot halfway with the mixture.
Remove the yucca from the old pot and gently loosen the outside layer of the root ball with your fingers.
Place the roots onto the soil in the new pot. Add or remove soil until the yucca is sitting at the same depth as it has been growing.
Fill the pot with soil and pack it around the base of the yucca with your hands.
Water the soil again, allow it to drain and place the yucca in a shady area. Allow it to remain for two weeks while it acclimates to the new pot.
Select a day when the ground is moist or water the plant with a couple of inches of water the day before. It’s easier to dig into the soil when it is wet.
Dig up the yucca plant. Dig a deep circle, at least 12 to 18 inches deep, around the plant. Move further out if you feel roots. Cut in toward the center of the plant on all sides.
Push down on the shovel’s handle to lift the plant and the bulk of its roots out of the ground. Be careful not to strain the shovel too much causing it to break. Pull up on the plant to get it out of the ground.
Fill in the hole with dirt. Be prepared to add more as the soil settles over time.
Spray new yucca shoots with weed killer as soon as they appear, if applicable. Alternatively, cut them off repeatedly as they grow. This process will starve the yucca so the roots that were left behind--which is often the case--eventually die.
Slice off both ends of the yucca root.
Cut the root into 3-inch pieces to make it easier to handle.
Cut a vertical slice down the side of the yucca. Lift the skin and push the knife under it. Keep moving the knife as you peel. If the skin is not too thick, you can attempt to peel it with a standard vegetable peeler instead.
Repeat the process with the other pieces.
Place the yucca pieces in a strainer and wash them under cool, running water. Then place the pieces in a bowl of water until ready to be used.
Cut off the flower stalk after the blooms have withered. Trim it off at the base. The stalk emerges from the center of the plant, so you'll need a ladder for pruning tree-type yucca.
Trim off the dead and yellowing leaves around the base of the plant during spring. Using sharp shears, cut off these leaves at the base of the plant where the leaves emerge from the soil or trunk.
Examine the leaves throughout summer and fall for damaged or dying leaves. Cut off these leaves at the base. Keep in mind that the leaf edges on some varieties produce hair-like strands that are acceptable and do not indicate damage.
Fill the container approximately halfway with potting soil.
Examine the yucca plant to determine the halfway point on the plant. Mark this point with the string. Now determine to what point you wish to cut the yucca plant. It can be anywhere above the halfway point. Move the string to this point.
Use the loppers to cut off the yucca plant at this point.
Remove the yucca from its current container and place it in the larger container so it is at the same depth as it was previously. Fill soil in around the roots.
Provide a generous amount of water to the newly pruned and repotted yucca plant. Ensure the yucca does not dry out during the first two weeks after pruning and repotting. Expect new growth within one to two weeks.
Grow the yucca tree in an area that receives full sun all day. It also needs plenty of room to grow, as it can grow to 3 feet in width.
Ensure that the soil in which the yucca is growing is well-drained. If you are just planting your tree, add 3 to 4 inches of coarse sand to the existing soil and mix it in well.
Apply a 2-inch layer of compost around the base of the yucca annually.
Water the yucca tree every three weeks, unless it rains. Too much water is detrimental to the yucca.
Prune away older leaves as they die, and cut the flower stalk to the ground when the flower is spent. Spring is the best time to do this.
Cover the yucca with a tarp or blanket if frost is expected. You can add a string of Christmas tree lights under the tarp for additional warmth for the yucca.
Mix together 3 parts potting soil with 1 part sand to create a fast-draining soil. Fill a large plant pot halfway with your soil mixture.
Carefully loosen and untangle the roots of the yucca plant without damaging or bruising the roots. Remove any dead or dying leaves and flower stalks with a sharp knife.
Set the bare root yucca plant on top of the soil fanning the roots out in the container.
Fill the plant pot the rest of the way with soil working it down around the yucca plant. Keep the crown level with the soil line. The crown is the area where the roots attach to the rest of the plant.
Firm the soil around the yucca plant so that it stands up. Do not compact the soil into the plant pot. Water the plant thoroughly so that the water runs out the bottom of the plant and settles the soil.
According to the University of Arkansas, yucca plants, including the seeds, are not toxic to humans. The ASPCA states that yucca plants cause vomiting and diarrhea in cats and dogs, and liver disease and photosensitivity in horses.