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Texas Plants

Pruning is best done in late winter.

When to Prune Trees in Texas?

In general, the best time to prune most trees in Texas is during late winter or early spring before growth begins. Pruning at different times may not kill the tree, but can cause it to grow improperly. The least desirable time is immediately after new growth develops in the spring.

In general, the best time to prune most trees in Texas is during late winter or early spring before growth begins. Pruning at different times may not kill the tree, but can cause it to grow improperly. The least desirable time is immediately after new growth develops in the spring.

Vegetables to Plant in Texas in September

Broccoli

Plant broccoli in September for harvest in 60 days. Broccoli can stand some heat before setting the broccoli flower that is commonly eaten and will tolerate frost. Choose a heat tolerant variety such as Packman if you live in the warmer parts of the state.

Spinach

Spinach can be planted in September if protected from the hottest sun in the warmer parts of the state such as near Laredo. Once the rosettes are formed, spinach can tolerate a hard freeze or light snow.

Carrots

Carrot seeds will sprout when the soil temperatures begin to cool in September. Carrots are cold tolerant and will grow and produce carrots into late fall and early winter in most parts of the state.

Collards

Collards or collard greens thrive in warm weather and cold. They are a green leafy vegetable that can be used fresh in salads or cooked with pork and spices.

Turnip

Plant turnip seed in September for green and vegetable production throughout the cooler months.

Mustard

Mustard is a green with a spicy peppery flavor that tolerates cooler weather when mature and warmer weather when young. Cooler weather prevents common mustard diseases like powdery mildew and amplifies the peppery taste of mustard greens.

How to Grow a Yellow Rose of Texas

Step 1

Select a sunny or shady location for the yellow rose of Texas. In the shade, there are fewer blooms. In the sun, the color of the blooms won’t be very bright.

Step 2

Prepare a site to receive the root cutting. Incorporate 1 to 2 inches of compost or other organic matter into the ground to a depth of 6 inches.

Step 3

Dig a hole that accommodates the roots at the same depth they were growing. Its width must be large enough for the roots to spread.

Step 4

Loosen the soil around the Japanese kerria shrub while digging deeper into the ground until you reach below the roots. Lift the plant gently out of the ground.

Step 5

Remove some of the soil clinging to the root system so you can see the crown.

Step 6

Cut a section of the root crown with a sharp spade. If the shrub you’re dividing is old, take the cutting from the outer edge, which has younger roots.

Step 7

Trim broken roots and transplant the cutting to the hole you prepared. Backfill it with topsoil. Plant the main shrub back in its hole and refill it with topsoil.

Step 8

Irrigate both plants with 1 inch of water a week.

How to Know When To Plant A Fall Garden In Central Texas

Change your ideas about when to plant a garden by realizing that in Central Texas you can plant two gardens, a spring and a fall one. By Mid September the searing heat of the Texas summer is about over and it it time to plant a fall garden. There are a number of vegetables that do very well this time of year including broccoli, onions, cabbage and Brussels sprouts.

Clear out all the old foliage from your summer garden including dying tomato vines. Although you may still be getting a couple of late tomatoes here and there the vines are done for the most part and are only attracting unwanted pests to the garden at this point. Compost the vines and remove stalks of corn, okra, etc, that will attract insects and promote fungal disease if left to decay in the garden. Till in an inch or so of new organic compost for the fall garden.

Plant the "blue leafed" vegetables such as broccoli in September and the greens, including mustard greens, collards, kale, and turnips in October. For a complete list of planting times visit the Texas A&M Horticulture site at the link below.

Common Weeds in East Texas

Nettle

Stinging nettles (Cnidoscolus stimulosus), also known as bull nettles, grow all along the Gulf Coast. The plants are covered with tiny hairs that when brushed against irritate the skin and cause a red rash.

Chickweed

Chickweed (Stellaria media) invades gardens and weeds. This fast-growing weed appears in the spring and forms thick mats that are tough to remove.

Groundsel

Texas groundsel (Senecio ampullaceaus) fills fields with yellow blossoms in summer and is considered a wildflower by some. Groundsel crowds out pasture grass and can be tenacious and tough to kill.

Henbit

Henbit (Lamium amplexicaule), like chickweeds, produces dense mats of plants that can crowd out lawn grasses and infest flower beds. It produces tubular pink and purple flowers in the spring.

Texas Bluebonnet Seeds - Bulk Pricing

Texas Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis)

This Texas native is grown as a perennial in frost free areas of the south and as an annual in colder climates, and will reseed itself. Texas bluebonnets are a challenge to grow outside the native area, but it can be done. Grows best in a well-drained soil and thrives in silty or sandy soils. Striking when planted in mass and also used as a cut flower.

Flower Type: Annual/Tender Perennial
Bloom Time: Spring
Height: 1' - 2' tall
Exposure: Full Sun

Seeds per Pound: l4,500
Planting rate: l lb./700 sq. ft.; 60 lbs./acre

Seed Spacing: 4"
Days to Emerge: 15 - 25
Thinning: When 2" tall, thin to 1' apart.

Availability: Usually leaves our warehouse in 2-3 business days.

Yaupon Tree

When to Apply Lawn Fertilizer in Texas

Type

A soil test will determine which nutrients your Texas lawn is lacking, guiding you as to the type of fertilizer to apply. Barring that, turfgrass specialists with Texas A&M University suggest that you use a 3-1-2 or 2-1-1 in the spring. In the fall, apply a fertilizer with a 2-1-2 analysis.

Amount

Again, the soil test will determine how much fertilizer to apply. As a rule of thumb, never apply more than 1 lb. of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet of lawn area.

Timing

Gardeners in the panhandle should apply their fertilizer in April and September. In mid-Texas the ideal time to fertilize your lawn is in March and October. You will need to also apply a nitrogen-only fertilizer in June. If you live in south Texas, apply the complete fertilizer in February or March and again in October or November, with a nitrogen-only application in May and again in August.

Lawn Care Tips in Texas

Cinch Bugs

Cinch bugs are a common problem on Texas lawns during the hot, humid season of July through September. If your yard begins having brown patches, consider checking for cinch bugs with a bottomless can and some water. If cinch bugs are present, water the lawn thoroughly to bring them to the surface and kill with insecticide.

Don't Bag the Clippings

Grass clippings are an excellent source for lawn moisture retention. Consider mowing the lawn more often and leaving the clippings in place each time. To help the clippings sink in deeper below the grass line, consider watering afterward with at least one inch of water.

Fall Lawn Care

Texas weather is mild enough to allow for a healthy lawn through the fall months. For a healthier more disease resistant lawn, consider fertilizing in the fall with a fertilizer that is higher in nitrogen and phosphorus. Also, continue watering the grass through the fall and winter months to prevent frost damage.

Shrubs Grown in Texas

Acacia

There are many different varieties of acacia, including many that grow as a bush.The Acacia amentacea, or Black Brush, is a dark evergreen shrub that generates light yellow flowers followed by purple seed pods. Acacia angustissima, or Prairie Guajillo, is a short, 3-foot tall acacia that is an annual in northern Texas, but a perennial in the south. Acacia berlandieri, or Guajillo, is sometimes called a honey plant. This variety has dark green fern-like leaves and white flowers. Native Texas acacia are drought tolerant.

Agave

Texas supports a number of agave bushes. Agave is a large succulent that grows between 1 and 3 feet in diameter and 1 to 3 feet tall without a flower. Some varieties of agave, like Agave lechuguilla, sometimes called soapbush or shin dagger, can flower on a 13-foot stalk. Agave are good accent bushes, especially in arid or semi-arid areas, or around pools or other bodies of water. Some agaves, like Agave parryi, grow in clumps that look very much like–making them suitable for cultivation as a topiary.

Mimosa

Texas has an ideal climate for cultivating a wide range of mimosa bushes. Mimosa are deciduous bushes that produce pink, white or purple flowers that look like small, spiky pom poms. These shrubs need good sun, but can do well in partial sun. These heat- and drought-tolerant shrubs grow to be about 3 feet tall and 3 feet wide.

How to Prune Texas Kidneywood

Prune the dead or brittle small branches around the base of the plant first. Remember that you want the plant to look like a small tree, so leave three to five main branches or trunks. Some kidneywood shrubs may only have one main branch, so cut around that one. Cut small branches to just below ground level to help expose main trunks.

Prune larger branches back to the collar where they meet the main trunk. Cutting the branch flush with the trunk will delay the natural healing process.

Change direction of growth by cutting a branch back to the limb growing in desired direction.

Step back and look at pruned shrub from different angles to check final shape of shrub. It should look like a small tree.

Tomato Varieties in Texas

Saladette

The Saladette is a small, sweet, meaty tomato perfect for sauces and salads. The plum-shaped fruit is about 3 inches tall and ready to harvest in 68 days. The Saladette, a hybrid of the Ensalada, is determinate. This means the plant will grow like a bush, rather than a vine, and its fruit will ripen in a short timespan, rather than all season long.

Small Fry

Smally Fry is a bite-size cherry tomato that harvests in 65 days. This compact plant produces clusters of brilliant red, round, sweet fruit. Unlike many determinates, this hybrid will continually produce tomatoes until the first frost.

Big Set

Big Set produces medium-sized red fruit in 75 days. It is semi-determinate, meaning it will get larger than most determinate tomatoes. The University of California Extension says this late-season tomato produces a very heavy crop.

Arkansas Traveler

The Arkansas Traveler is known for its great heat and drought tolerance, according to Heirloom Tomatoes of Texas. This indeterminate heirloom has large crops of pink to bright red heavy fruit with balanced sweet and tart flavors. It is ready for harvest in 85 days.