Blacktop is a type of asphalt concrete that is used to pave roads, parking lots and driveways. Sealing your blacktop driveway needs to be done on a regular basis, about every two years, to prevent deterioration due to rain, sun, snow and spills, all of which wear down or damage the blacktop. You can make your own blacktop sealer using products that you can easily obtain and store in your garage.
Put on the face mask, the gloves and the goggles. The face mask needs to cover your face and mouth.
Pour 2 gallons of the boiled linseed oil into the 5-gallon bucket. Add to the linseed oil 2 gallons of the kerosene.
Secure the paddle attachment to the chuck of the power drill. Insert the paddle into the 5-gallon bucket and mix the ingredients. If a power drill and attachment are not available, you can use a stirring rod.
Pour the mixture onto the surface of the blacktop. Spread the sealer by using the squeegee.
Wait two days before using your driveway. The sealant must be thoroughly dry to the touch.
Fill a bucket of water with cool water and 1 to 2 tsp. of dish detergent.
Rinse the patio with a garden hose to remove any loose debris.
Dip a sponge mop into the bucket of soapy water and gently scrub the patio.
Rinse the soapy water until the water runs clear. Allow the patio to dry overnight.
Apply the sealer using a paint roller or a nap roller. Work in small sections that are less than 4 feet to ensure you cover the entire area.
Wait 2 to 3 hours for the sealer to dry and apply a second coat. Test the patio to see if it is dry by lightly touching the last place that you applied the sealer. The sealer should not be sticky. Wait at least 4 hours after you have applied the last coat of sealer before walking on the patio.
Apply a maintenance coat, or a single coat of sealer, when the it begins to look dull. Clean the surface of your patio and reapply the sealer as described above.
Concrete that is outside needs to be sealed about once every two to five years. Outdoor concrete especially needs to be sealed using a solvent-based concrete sealer. This ensures the concrete will not be damaged by exposure to the elements.
Indoor concrete floors, often used in garages and kitchens, also need to be sealed in order to prevent mold. Epoxy-based sealers are best to use inside. They offer protection, and they are available in different colors to match your decor.
Both indoor and outdoor concrete needs to be properly prepared before the sealer can be applied. On the outside concrete, you can use a water power washer to make sure all the dirt and dust are off of the concrete. Inside, you can use a number of different detergents, but muratic acid works the best. If using acid, safety always comes first. Keep plenty of baking soda on hand, as it needs to be applied to the acid on the concrete to neutralize it. Make sure the concrete is completely dry before applying the sealer.
You can use a number of different mediums to apply the sealer. The easiest way to seal concrete is with a standard paint roller. Mix the sealer in a large bucket, dip the roller in the sealer and roll the sealer on. Allow the sealer to completely dry overnight before walking on the concrete.
Water-based acrylic concrete sealers are easy to apply and can be used on interior or exterior concrete. This type of sealer is ultraviolet (UV) resistant and does not yellow over time. Water-based clear urethane-acrylic sealers can be used on unpainted concrete and previously painted concrete surfaces. It dries to a clear, high-gloss finish. Most water-based acrylic concrete sealers are hard and durable. They provide protection from weather, traffic and salts used for de-icing.
Polyurethane concrete sealers come in water-based variety. Polyurethane is a type of thermoplastic which provides a strong seal on concrete. This type of sealer protects against chemicals and abrasives. Water-based aliphatic polyurethane sealers are used for concrete services. They are non-yellowing, odorless, abrasion-resistant and glossy. Often, polyurethanes can be used on existing, damaged or new concrete surfaces.
Penetrating water-based sealers provide protection without yellowing or shine. These sealers also reduce stains in the concrete. Penetrating sealers do not lay on the surface, so accidents caused by slipping on the concrete are diminished. Some other features include the reduction of concrete dusting and easy removal of ice and snow. It also bonds concrete that is deteriorating. Most penetrating sealers will not change the look of the concrete.
Fill a 5-gallon bucket with warm water. Add the concrete degreaser cleaner into the warm water according to the package instructions.
Wash the concrete slab with a long-handled scrub brush to remove dirt, loose debris and grease. Rinse the concrete with a pressure washer to clean the surface of all concrete degreaser residue.
Allow the concrete to dry, which could take up to 48 hours. This is best done in the warm summer months so the concrete will have a shortened drying time. To help accelerate the drying time of the concrete slab, place several box fans around the perimeter so they blow over the surface.
Fill a paint tray with non-breathable, penetrating concrete sealer. Cover a long-handled paint roller with the concrete sealer, and apply an even coating over the entire concrete surface.
Cover small areas on the concrete, such as edges and corners, with a small paintbrush. Allow the concrete sealer to dry according to the package instructions.
Apply a second coat of penetrating concrete sealer with the long-handled paint roller, as instructed by the manufacturer. Some brands of sealer recommend applying the second or third coat before the first coat has a chance to fully dry.
Allow the concrete sealer coats to dry before using the concrete slab.
This concrete penetrating sealer applies to form a semigloss top coat. Applying Acrysheen as a concrete top coat will reduce dirt penetration and deterioration of the concrete. Acrysheen is a water-based formula that will not turn yellow with age. Before applying Acrysheen, it is necessary to remove all dirt and oil from the concrete. Apply the Acrysheen in an even coat horizontally, followed by an even coat vertically.
Produced by Enviroseal, this penetrating sealer boasts being environmentally friendly. Applied vertically, Duraseal offers a 10-year warranty; when applied horizontally there is a three-year warranty. Duraseal is for use with concrete and bricks and will resist mold and mildew. Typical application for this sealer includes multiple thin coatings with drying time in between applications. Only cured cement, at least seven days old, is acceptable for Duraseal, with ideal application taking place after three to four weeks of the cement installation. Duraseal is water-soluble and application equipment can be cleaned with soap and water.
With an expansive application base that includes concrete, exterior plywood, stadiums, balconies, parking ramps, mechanical rooms and plazas, Sonoguard is a versatile option for large or small projects. Sonoguard splits its product into a base coating and top coating. It is necessary to purchase both products for a complete application and to meet the warranty standards. Sonoguard protects concrete from damage in winter, including salt and freezing damage.
Clean the concrete driveway with a power washer prior to sealing. Hold the power washer wand about 12 inches from the surface, and move it from side to side to clean the concrete. If oil or grease stains do not come off with power washing, use a concrete cleaner to remove them. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for using the concrete cleaner.
Allow the concrete driveway to dry completely before applying the sealer. If the driveway is wet at all, the sealer may not adhere properly.
Stir the can of concrete sealer with a paint stirrer. Pour the sealer into a paint tray with a liner.
Dip a medium-nap paint roller attached to a long pole into the paint tray to absorb a generous amount of sealer. Roll the sealer onto the driveway using long, smooth strokes. Start at the back of the driveway and work your way toward the street. Overlap your strokes slightly to ensure no part of the concrete is missed.
Allow the sealer to dry completely. Apply a second coat of sealer to the driveway in the same manner.