There are thousands of types of insects in just about any area of the world. Sometimes, an interesting or unknown larvae nest may be found that is not easily identifiable. The process of identifying insects is where you collect information on an insect or an insect nest to identify. It is useful to have a insect identification field guide to determine the type of larvae nest you have found.
Locate the insect larvae nest and take a sample or photograph of the larva. Place an object, such as a ruler, next to the larva and record its size. If possible place the sample into a small container using tongs to make the identification process easier.
Make observations; write down specific information such as where the nest was found, the habitat and even the shape of the nest. Pay attention to details such as the color of the nest, and if any other adult insects are in the area. Also, take explicit notes on all the physical details you see and if any antennae are present.
Remove the larvae from the container and use a magnifying glass to carefully examine the color and texture of the larvae.Consult an insect identification field guide to identify the nest. For example, if you have a small insect that is in a cocoon-like structure, go to the caterpillar/butterfly section of the guide.
Search for photographs of the nest once you believe you have found a match. Consulting Internet encyclopedias or a university extension website from the agriculture or biology programs can be useful. Photographs will give you an idea of what the nest and larvae look like their natural habitat.
Fill a bucket with a household disinfectant. Put on rubber gloves.
Lift the nest out of the garden with a shovel. Do not touch the nest with your bare hands. Dunk the nest in the bucket of disinfectant and leave it there for five minutes.
Use the shovel to lift out the nest and put it in a plastic trash bag. Put that bag in a second trash bag and tie that bag closed. Place the garbage bags in a dumpster.
Rake up any dead leaves or other foliage, mulch, or compost covering the soil in the garden. Rats will burrow in these materials and build nests in the future. Dispose of the materials in the garbage.
Close all doors and windows that are near the nest. Put on thick clothing that fully covers your body. Wear a face mask, goggles and thick gloves.
Stand 10- to 15-feet away from the nest and discharge an insecticide specifically designed to kill hornets in a sweeping motion until the entire nest is dripping with poison.
Place a garbage can lined with a thick, heavy-duty garbage bag beneath the nest. Knock the nest down into the garbage can using a 10- to 15-foot pole. Discharge more insecticide into the garbage can, and tie the bag closed.
Stand a ladder against your home and clean the spot where the nest was attached with soapy water and a sponge. Use a scraper to remove any stuck on nest bits.
Watch the ants for any noticeable trails. Many times they will give away the location of their nests.
Look around dark areas near water sources, such as in kitchens and bathrooms. These are areas favored by interior ants, which like to nest behind baseboard and tiles, as well as in spaces between walls.
Look for fresh piles of sawdust around the interior or exterior of your home for carpenter ants. These piles are usually signs of a nest's entrance. Tap along walls, listening for any hollow points which also indicates the location of carpenter ants.
Walk around the exterior of your home and look for any dirt mounds with ants coming and going. This is an in-ground ant nest.
Check under your home as ants also can live under rock beds or concrete slabs. They can be found by watching for trails of ants coming out of these areas.
Look for workers leaving or returning to the nest. This is best done on a bright, sunny morning in an open area.
Stand in a location where you can look across the area, and look for yellow jackets flying by. Yellow jackets tend to fly in a straight line when leaving the nest, so if you see several of them flying in one direction, odds are they came from the nest area.
Set out bait if you can't see the workers traveling from the nest. Yellow jackets prefer meat in spring and early summer, but their tastes shift towards sweet foods in late summer and fall.
Place a spoonful of canned cat food, raw chicken skin, ground hamburger, or sweet jelly on a plate and wait for the yellow jackets to show up.
Follow the workers as they leave the plate. They will head straight back to the nest.
Purchase metal spike strips from the home and garden store.
Place the strip on any flat surface under your eaves.
Nail the spike strip into place.
Place the second strip against the end of the first strip, so that the swallows cannot land in between them.
Nail into place and continue, until the spikes line the surface.
Purchase bird netting appropriate for birds 5 to 8 inches long.
Place the long end of the netting to the underside of the eaves, near your gutters, if you have them.
Nail or tack the net into place.
Place the opposite end of the net under any flat surfaces where a swallow may land.
Nail or tack the net into place, leaving it slightly loose, so it won't pull out as easily.