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Indoor Gardening

How to Take Care of Indoor Kush Plants

Kush is a high-potency form of "Indica cannabis" or marijuana. It originally came from Afghanistan and derives it name from the Hindu Kush valleys of eastern and central Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan. Kush is the type of marijuana best suited for growing indoors and the type most often grown for medicinal purposes. (Before potting up some pot, however, read the Warnings section at the end of this article.) Wherever it is legal to grow kush indoors, there are a few basic things to know in order to take care of your indoor kush plants.

How to Grow Indoor Plants With Artificial Light

How to Kill Indoor Gnats

How to Grow Indoor Palm Trees

Indoor Plants That Produce Oxygen

All plants produce oxygen as a waste product during photosynthesis, but some produce more than others. Several species of indoor houseplants are known to enrich and clean the air, contributing to the health of humans sharing their environment.

Christmas Cactus

Most outdoor and indoor plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen during the day while they photosynthesize. At night, they absorb some degree of oxygen and release a bit of CO2 while they live off stored fuel. Christmas cactus and certain other species of cactii, however, produce oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide during the night. This makes them ideal indoor houseplants to place in your bedroom, since their fresh oxygen can nourish you while you sleep.

Snake Plants

Snake plants are also great indoor houseplants that produce oxygen more at night than during the day. In addition, they clean the air quite efficiently. Snake plants can also grow in a variety of light levels, and do not require much watering or other care. They are great plants to improve indoor air quality even if you have a brown thumb.

Philodendrons

According to CleanAirGardening.com, three species of Philodendrons were rated by NASA as among the top houseplants for cleaning air (heartleaf philodendron was the top), making this a plant that is definitely good for your health. With broad, lush, leafy foliage, the philodendron is also an indoor plant that will amply produce oxygen while it filters out common household pollutants. If you are a health-conscious grower looking to improve your environment and add some lush greenery to your room, this is an excellent indoor houseplant to choose.

Homemade Insecticide for Indoor Plants

Soap Spray

Add one tlbsp dishwashing soap to one gallon water. Mix well and use as spray to get rid of mealy bugs, aphids, scales, and thrips. Test a few leaves first before spraying whole plant. (Reference 2)

Ammonia

Mix together one part household ammonia to seven parts water to make a spray. Use to get rid of aphids, mealy bugs and thrips.

Baking Soda

Indoor plants are often afflicted with fungus such as blackspot and powdery mildew. Make an effective fungus spray by mixing 1 tsp. baking soda, 1 qt. warm water and 1 tsp. dishwashing soap. Spray on affected plants.

Garlic

Mix together 85 g minced garlic with 2 tbsp. mineral oil and leave for 24 hours. Strain mixture and remove garlic. Add remaining liquid to 1 pt. water with 1 tsp. liquid dish soap and mix well. To make spray, mix 1 to 2 tbsp. of mixture with 1 pt. water. This spray is very effective for getting rid of a number of insects, including aphids and white flies. The antifungal properties of garlic control fungal diseases like mildew and leaf spot.

The Positive Effects of Indoor Plants

Lowering Stress

Environmental psychology students from Surrey University studied the effects of indoor plants on stress and found decreased levels in rooms and offices with indoor plants.

Deodorizing Effect

Well-sealed buildings don't replace the inside air frequently. This can cause your house or room to smell stale or stagnant. A flowering plant or fragrant evergreen acts as a natural air freshener.

Minimizing Pollution

Healthy Green at Work, an organization that campaigns for plants in the workplace, lists plants as a good source of air cleaning and purification in buildings with higher pollution levels. Placing plants around an office may help to reduce symptoms of "sick building syndrome," the group says.

Reducing Noise

Indoor plants can help reduce noise. Plants interrupt the path of sound waves, preventing them from reflecting from hard surfaces. This helps to lower indoor sound levels.

Controlling Heat

Indoor plants can help to absorb heat in the summer.

Boosting Oxygen

Plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. This has a positive effect on oxygen levels and can help to clear the air of carbon dioxide produced by stoves, candles or other sources of combustion.

Care of a Spathiphyllum Plant

Place Spathiphyllum in bright, filtered light. Avoid placing the plant directly in a sunny window, which can scorch the plant. Spathiphyllum can grow in very low light, but will do best a few feet away from a window, or near a window covered with a sheer curtain.

Water when the top of the soil feels slightly dry to the touch, but don't allow the soil to become bone dry. Excessively dry soil can cause the edges of the leaves to turn brown. Water the plant with water at room temperature.

Keep Spathiphyllum in a warm room, with daytime temperatures between 65 degrees and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, and nighttime temperatures slightly cooler.

Fertilize every two to three months, using a balanced fertilizer for indoor plants. Withhold fertilizer during the winter months. Spathiphyllum is a low-feeder, so an occasional forgotten feeding won't damage the plant.

Clean the leaves occasionally, as the wide, shiny leaves will collect dust, which will block sunlight and air. Dust the leaves with a soft, clean cloth.

How to Water a ZZ Plant

Water the ZZ plant deeply when the soil feels dry. Water the plant until water runs through the bottom of the hole. Let the plant drain completely and pour out any water remaining in the saucer under the container. Never allow the container to stand in water because excessive moisture can cause the ZZ plant to rot.

Allow the soil to dry completely before watering the ZZ plant again. Watering the plant one time every one to two weeks is usually adequate.

Add a water-soluble fertilizer to the water once or twice every month. Use a general-purpose fertilizer for indoor plants, but dilute the fertilizer to half the mixture recommended on the packaged label. ZZ plant is a slow-growing plant and doesn't require heavy feeding.

How to Grow Indoor Plants in Water

Choose a suitable plant that has been rooted in water from a stem or leaf cutting. Don't use cuttings that have been rooted in soil, if possible, because the soil might sour.

Choose a jar, vase, glass or bottle (the material isn't important) to use for growing the plant. Fill the container with water. Plain tap water should suffice, or you can use bottled water. Add a very slight amount of soluble houseplant fertilizer to dissolve in the water, if desired, before adding the plant.

Place the water-rooted cutting into the water-filled container and secure with vermiculite, perlite or decorative pebbles to help conceal the roots or hold the cuttings in position while establishing more roots, if desired.

Replenish the water as it is used and evaporates, changing it completely every two to four weeks.

Keep the water-grown plant away from hot, direct sunlight, especially when using a glass container.

How to Prune Indoor Plants

Inspect the plant carefully for dead, diseased or damaged leaves. Gently pull or cut off any of these that you find. Cut away any broken, split or dying branches or stems. Also look for any branches that may be abrading one another and be an invitation point for disease. Cut these back to remove the friction point.

Dead-head spent blooms by cutting them back on the stem either to a node or to the base of the plant depending on the species. Pull out any faded petals or flowers that may be stuck in the plant canopy and discard.

Clean up the surface of the planting soil, removing all fallen leaves, spent blooms or drooping stems. Mulch around the surface of the plant to help retain moisture and make lifting fallen leaves easier.

How to Care for an Indoor Plant Called Calathea

Increase humidity around calathea by setting the container on a saucer filled with wet pebbles. Don't allow the pebbles to dry out, but keep the water level low so that the water doesn't touch the bottom of the container. Never allow the container to sit in standing water.

Keep the potting soil evenly moist at all times. Calathea will also benefit from being sprayed daily with a fine mist. Always water calathea with room-temperature distilled water as the minerals in tap water are harmful to the plant.

Feed calathea monthly during spring, summer and fall, using an all-purpose liquid fertilizer for indoor plants that has been diluted to half strength. Don't fertilize calathea during the winter months.

Repot calathea every spring, using a potting mixture made of three parts commercial potting soil and one part peat moss. The container should be just one size larger.

Keep calathea in a warm room with temperatures between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

How to Start Seeds for an Indoor Garden