The warm, temperate climate of Georgia comprises both a cool fall-to-spring period and a profoundly hot and humid summer. Many grass types are suitable for a Georgia lawn, each with pros and cons based on your soil and maintenance needs.
In northern Georgia tall fescue grass, a cool-season type, makes an acceptable lawn grass. Elsewhere, warm-season grasses such as zoysia grass dominate, with St. Augustine grass, centipede grass and Bermuda grass becoming more widespread farther south.
The best time for sowing fescue to establish a new lawn is September and October. It may be overseeded on warm-season grass lawns to provide greenness during winter when warm-season grass is dormant and brown. Common Bermuda grass is sown from seed in May when temperatures are warm.
Most warm-season grasses are grown from sprigs, plugs or cut sod rather than seed. Warm-season grasses are most quickly established in May and June when air and soil temperatures are warm and seasonal rain is abundant.
The best grass seed to plant in Georgia varies by region. According to the University of Georgia, shady regions, such as parts of southern Georgia, do well with St. Augustine grass. Tall fescue is best in sunnier regions, like much of Atlanta.
Wait until your shrub has finished blooming for the season. In most areas of Georgia, this will be late May or early June. Pruning at this time will allow the new growth that sprouts after pruning to mature enough to survive the first frost. This schedule also encourages maximum blooms in the following season.
Stand back from your plant to assess how its overall shape might be enhanced, and how well its current size works in the landscape. Resist the urge to overprune. Most broad-leafed evergreen shrubs require very little pruning, and some gardenia growers limit pruning to once every few years.
Using hand-held pruning shears, make the selective cuts necessary to scale back the size of your gardenia or refine its shape. Make sure your shears are sharp, and make clean cuts at a 45-degree angle. The best place on a branch to make a cut is just above another sturdy shoot.
If your gardenia has been neglected or is overgrown, it may be necessary to prune more aggressively. Use long-handled loppers to thin out selected large branches, if needed.
Don't prune too late in the summer. Doing so might cause a flush a new growth that will be vulnerable to the first hard freeze. For similar reasons, don't wait too late to fertilize.
Break up the soil for your winter flowering bed by inserting a spade into the ground to a depth of 8 inches. Loosen the soil by working the spade back and forth.
Remove any rocks, sticks, debris and remnants of old plants and roots from the planting bed with a rake.
Spread peat moss over the bed in a 4-inch layer and then mix in with the soil using the rake.
Dig holes that are twice as deep as the seed's diameter at its widest point. Plant seeds and cover with soil.
Water the flowers until the roots become established. The soil should remain as wet as a wrung-out sponge. Check the soil once weekly in your garden. Winter gardens need water less frequently than summer gardens.
Rake your pasture with a thatching rake to remove as much of the dead thatch as possible.
Fill a seed spreader with winter ryegrass seed and spread it over the pasture evenly, using approximately 20 lbs. of seeds per acre. Spread the ryegrass seeds approximately three weeks before the average date of the first frost in your area.
Fill a manure spreader with weed-free manure, and spread the manure evenly over the the seeds approximately 1/4 inch deep.
Sprinkle the area thoroughly with water, putting at least 1 inch of water on the pasture with the first watering.
Keep the pasture moist but not soggy for the next 21 days, watering whenever necessary. If the pasture is to be mowed, wait until the rye is 4 inches high, and mow at 3 inches. The rye will die back when hot summer weather arrives.
You should need to water only sparingly during the winter months--make sure the ground does not dry out completely between waterings (or rains).
Fertilize blueberry bushes in Southeast Georgia in March and July at the rate of one ounce per one foot of plant height, up to eight ounces per plant. Use 12-4-8 fertilizer on areas with a high content of phosphorous or 10-10-10 fertilizer on areas with a medium to low content of phosphorous.
Grasses suited to southern Georgia include Bermuda grass, carpet grass and centipede grass. The best time to sow seed in southern Georgia is in spring, after any risk of frost has passed. Optimally, ground temperatures should be above 70 degrees Fahrenheit.