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Bachelor Button Flowers

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    how-to-plant-a-bachelor-button-from-seed">How to Plant a Bachelor Button From Seed

    Bachelor button, or Centaurea cyanus, is also known as the cornflower. Mature plants are drought tolerant, undemanding and attractive to butterflies. Long-lasting flowers bloom from June to August and perform well as cut stems. Bachelor buttons are readily started from seed sown directly into the garden after all danger of frost has passed for your area.

    Choose a well-draining site in full sun for your bachelor buttons. Cultivate the soil several inches deep and incorporate organic material such as compost, peat moss or well-rotted manure.

    Sow bachelor button seeds directly into your prepared site. Space them about 2 to 4 inches apart and cover with ¼ to ½ inch soil. Bachelor buttons need darkness for successful germination.

    • Bachelor button, or Centaurea cyanus, is also known as the cornflower.
    • Bachelor buttons need darkness for successful germination.

    Water the seeds thoroughly, moistening the soil evenly. Don’t let the seed bed dry out while bachelor buttons are germinating, but don’t allow the soil to become soggy or waterlogged, either. Seeds will germinate in about seven to 15 days.

    Continue to water until seedlings sprout and develop several true leaves. Once established, they’ll be drought tolerant and probably won’t require anymore watering from you. Thin them to about 18 inches apart.

    Feed bachelor buttons a good all-purpose fertilizer monthly throughout the growing season. Follow the packaging instructions carefully.

    • Water the seeds thoroughly, moistening the soil evenly.
    • Don’t let the seed bed dry out while bachelor buttons are germinating, but don’t allow the soil to become soggy or waterlogged, either.

    Water established bachelor button plants only if leaves or blooms appear wilted.

    bachelor-button-blue-boy">Bachelor Button Blue Boy

    Bachelor Button Blue Boy (Centaurea Cyanus)

    In addition to the dazzling sky blue flowers, Bachelor Button Blue Boy (also known as Cornflower) has other admirable traits including drought tolerance. Flowers can be used as dried or cut flowers. Bachelor Button will "naturalize", or reseed themselves to come back next year.

    Flower Type: Annual
    Bloom Time: Summer
    Height: 20" to 24"
    Exposure: Full Sun

    When to Sow Outside: Early Spring - 1 to 2 Weeks before last frost.
    When to Sow Inside: Not Recommended - doesn't transplant well
    Seed Depth: 1/4 "
    Seed Spacing: 1"
    Days to Emerge: 7 to 14
    Thinning: When 1" tall thin to 6 to 8 inches apart

    • This 'black' bachelor button is actually a very deep maroon.
    • Average Count: 200 Seeds Flower Type: Annual
      Bloom Time: Summer
      Height: 20" to 24"
      Exposure: Full Sun When to Sow Outside: Early Spring - 1 to 2 Weeks before last frost.
      When to Sow Inside: Not Recommended - doesn't transplant well
      Seed Depth: 1/4 "
      Seed Spacing: 1"
      Days to Emerge: 7 to 14
      Thinning:** When 1" tall thin to 6 to 8 inches apart

    cornflower-facts">Cornflower Facts

    Features

    Select this popular plant for its ability to quickly naturalize and self-sow for another season. The cornflower grows best in full sun to part shade and thrives in almost any soil.

    Appearance

    Choose cornflower for its height of 1 to 3 feet to mix with other flowers. The tall stems hold multiple flowers about 1 inch in diameter.

    Color

    Look for maroon, pink and white flower varieties. Originally, the cornflower was a solid blue flower, before hybrids developed in other colors.

    Uses

    Use cornflowers in wildflower mixes, along roadsides and in gardens. The cornflower is an excellent cutting flower for bouquets and dried flower arrangements.

    • Select this popular plant for its ability to quickly naturalize and self-sow for another season.
    • The cornflower grows best in full sun to part shade and thrives in almost any soil.

    Season

    Scatter seeds in plantings a few weeks apart, as the cornflower is a fast-growing plant that blooms heavily from early spring until first frost. Successive plantings give a full season of flowers.

    Considerations

    Check with your regional garden experts. This wildflower is invasive in some regions.

    bachelor's-button-fast-facts">Bachelor's Button Fast Facts

    Types

    The classic bachelor's button is deep blue, with darker hues concentrated in the center of the flower. Other colors have also become popular, including red, pink, white and black. All these varieties are annuals, meaning they usually flower and die in one year.

    • Scatter seeds in plantings a few weeks apart, as the cornflower is a fast-growing plant that blooms heavily from early spring until first frost.
    • All these varieties are annuals, meaning they usually flower and die in one year.

    Identification

    Bachelor's buttons grow pale green stems that have a distinctive gray hue. Most plants grow roughly 1 to 3 feet tall and have short, lance-shaped leaves. The flowers are rather small, rarely more than an inch in diameter.

    Geography

    Bachelor's buttons are native to southern Europe but have been successfully introduced to North America and Australia.

    History

    The name "bachelor's button" derives from legends of young men who would wear the flowers after falling in love. If the flower withered quickly, it was interpreted as a sign that they would not be loved in return.

    Significance

    Political parties in Estonia, Finland and Sweden have used the bachelor's button as a symbol of social reform since the early 1900s.

    • Bachelor's buttons grow pale green stems that have a distinctive gray hue.
    • The name "bachelor's button" derives from legends of young men who would wear the flowers after falling in love.

    Fun Fact

    Because they once grew in the fields of farmers, the bachelor's button is also known as a "cornflower."

    bachelor's-button-facts">Bachelor's Button Facts

    Habit

    The bachelor's button prefers full sun and is extremely drought tolerant.

    Another Name

    Another name for bachelor’s button is cornflower, since it often grew as a weed in fields of crops. “Light Cornflower Blue” is a Crayola crayon name.

    Folklore

    In folklore, the bachelor’s button was worn as a young man’s boutonniere. If it faded quickly, it indicated that the young man did not return his sweetheart’s love.

    Tea Ingredient

    Bachelor’s button is used as an ingredient in some teas, including the Twinings “Lady Grey” blend.

    • Because they once grew in the fields of farmers, the bachelor's button is also known as a "cornflower."
    • Bachelor’s button is used as an ingredient in some teas, including the Twinings “Lady Grey” blend.

    Dried Flowers

    Bachelor’s buttons are often used in dried flower arrangements, since the blooms retain their bright colors even after drying.

    how-to-care-for-bachelor's-button">How to Care for Bachelor's Button

    Mulch tender bachelor button seedlings as soon as they reach approximately 4 inches. Use organic material such as wood chips, peat moss or dried grass clippings.

    Feed bachelor buttons in early summer, and they will be strong enough to survive the coming heat. Use a weak mixture of liquid fertilizer diluted half with water. It can be sprayed on the soil or directly on the leaves.

    Water bachelor buttons, as needed. They are drought resistant, but may need occasional watering, especially during the hottest part of summer.

    • Bachelor’s buttons are often used in dried flower arrangements, since the blooms retain their bright colors even after drying.
    • Use a weak mixture of liquid fertilizer diluted half with water.

    Cut blooms for use in flower arrangements to keep the bachelor buttons blooming all season long. Remove spent bachelor button blossoms.

    Stake tall bachelor buttons if they begin to lean. Some types of bachelor buttons can grow to nearly 3 feet.

    Dry bachelor buttons before the first frost. Clip the stems and tie them into small bunches with rubber bands. Hang them in a dry, well-ventilated area. Any bachelor buttons left in the garden will die with the coming of winter, although it may reseed itself in warmer climates. Pull the dead plants and toss them in the compost pile.

    • Cut blooms for use in flower arrangements to keep the bachelor buttons blooming all season long.

    bachelor-button-seeds">Bachelor Button Seeds

    Bachelor Button
    Cornflower

    Select a variety below to view images and details:

    Bachelor Button 'Black Magic'
    Deep maroon flowers that look great in cut or dried arrangements.

    Bachelor Button Blue Boy Sky blue flowers.

    Bachelor Button Dwarf Blend
    A mix of purple, light blue, pink and white.

    Bachelor Button Tall Blend
    A wonderful blend of colors in a tall variety.

    bachelor-button-black-magic">Bachelor Button Black Magic

    ...

    Bachelor Button
    Black Magic
    (Centaurea Cyanus)

    • Bachelor Button
      Cornflower
      Select a variety below to view images and details: Bachelor Button 'Black Magic'
      Deep maroon flowers that look great in cut or dried arrangements.
    • Bachelor Button Tall Blend
      A wonderful blend of colors in a tall variety.
    • **

    This 'black' bachelor button is actually a very deep maroon. It combines well with 'blue boy' or tall cosmos. Bachelor button is drought resistant and can be used as cut or dried flowers in arrangements. Plants reseed themselves readily.

    Average Count: 200 Seeds

    Flower Type: Annual
    Bloom Time: Summer
    Height: 20" to 24"
    Exposure: Full Sun

    When to Sow Outside: Early Spring - 1 to 2 Weeks before last frost.
    When to Sow Inside: Not Recommended - doesn't transplant well
    Seed Depth: 1/4 "
    Seed Spacing: 1"
    Days to Emerge: 7 to 14
    Thinning: When 1" tall thin to 6 to 8 inches apart

    • This 'black' bachelor button is actually a very deep maroon.
    • Average Count: 200 Seeds Flower Type: Annual
      Bloom Time: Summer
      Height: 20" to 24"
      Exposure: Full Sun When to Sow Outside: Early Spring - 1 to 2 Weeks before last frost.
      When to Sow Inside: Not Recommended - doesn't transplant well
      Seed Depth: 1/4 "
      Seed Spacing: 1"
      Days to Emerge: 7 to 14
      Thinning:** When 1" tall thin to 6 to 8 inches apart

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