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Varieties of Jade Plants

By Ma Wen Jie ; Updated September 21, 2017

Jades plants are easy to grow. As a succulent, jades store water in their trunks, branches and leaves. Jade leaves are thick and rubbery because of the water stored inside. Jades are easy to grow and care for, and simple to propagate. Different varieties of jades are grown in almost identical ways. The differences in the plants are cosmetic, not biological.

Silver Jade

The silver jade is sometimes called the blue bird jade. This jade is similar to the jade tree, with blue-gray leaves instead of green. Silver jades can grow to 9 to 12 feet when grown outdoors or in a large pot. However, most potted specimens are limited in height by the size of the pot. Although this jade will tolerate some shade, it needs to be primarily in direct sun most of the time. Water the silver jade once a week in spring and summer, and once a month in the winter.

Jade Tree

Jade trees are the most commonly grown jades. They are popular as bonsai and feature brown trunks with bright green leaves. Jade trees can grow to a variety of sizes, depending on how you keep them. As a bonsai, they are easy to maintain at around 1 foot tall. In larger pots, however, they can easily reach 5 feet tall. Jade trees prefer full sun, but like other jades can tolerate some shade. Keep the soil moist in summer, but allow it to dry out between waterings over the winter to ensure root health.

Golden Jade

In bright light, this type of jade appears to have gold-edged leaves. Growing golden jades isn't different from growing other jades. They prefer full sun and require moist soil during the spring and summer. Reducing water in the winter will help ensure the health of your plant. They grow to similar heights as other jades and are easy to propagate. Take a leaf from your jade and place it in the soil next to the tree; it will grow roots after several weeks. Within a few months, you should have a sturdy, young jade plant.


About the Author


Although he grew up in Latin America, Mr. Ma is a writer based in Denver. He has been writing since 1987 and has written for NPR, AP, Boeing, Ford New Holland, Microsoft, RAHCO International, Umax Data Systems and other manufacturers in Taiwan. He studied creative writing at Mankato State University in Minnesota. He speaks fluent Mandarin Chinese, English and reads Spanish.