How to Kill Elephant Ear Plants
The elephant ear plant (Colocasia esculenta) is a shade-loving perennial known for its colorful foliage, which comes in colors like green and purple. Though elephant ears are a favorite among shade gardeners, the plants can grow unruly and need to be controlled. Containing the plants can be as easy as pulling out seedlings as they develop. But gardeners who no longer want to keep their elephant ear plants can employ several tactics to kill and eradicate these perennials from their garden space.
Remove the elephant ear plant by hand. Manual removal is best for seedlings and juvenile elephant ear plants. Grab the plant at its base and pull upward, away from the soil. Discard the plant, or lay it in the sun to dry it out and kill it before adding the plant to your compost heap.
Mow down the elephant ear plants with a string trimmer. Repeated mowing once a week will keep the plants from sending up new shoots. Without energy-creating foliage, the plants' roots will starve over the course of several weeks and die.
Spray the elephant ear plants with a glyphosate-based herbicide. This is best for mature elephant ear plants that have already reached their maximum height of 1 to 2 feet. Put on gloves and eye goggles before you mist the entire surface of the elephant ear plant with the herbicide. It will die within 10 days.
Start Elephant Ear Plants From Bulbs
Choose a site to grow elephant ear plants in filtered sun to part shade in a location protected from wind. Dig a hole slightly deeper than the length of the bulb so that it can go in the hole upright with one-quarter inch or so of soil covering the tip. Space multiple planting holes 3 feet apart. Smooth out the area with the flat of your hand. During the rainy season, water only during dry spells if the top 1 inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. Fertilize once a month during the growing season.
- String trimmer
- Eye goggles
- Glyphosate-based herbicide
- "Making the Most of Shade: How to Plan, Plant, and Grow a Fabulous Garden that Lightens up the Shadows"; Larry Hodgson; 2005
- Iowa State University: Growing Elephant Ear
- Wholesale Elephant Ears: Elephant Ears Bulbs
- Fine Gardening: Genus Colocasia
- Missouri Botanical Gardens: Colocasia Esculenta
- Santa Clara Master Gardeners: November Gardening Topics