There are two types of standard Bermuda seed: hulled and un-hulled. Hulled seeds are intended to be planted in the spring or early summer, when the ground temperature has reached a minimum of 65 degrees F. Un-hulled seeds are intended for planting in the fall or winter months, when they are expected to lie dormant for a period of time before the ground warms enough for them to sprout. Hulled Bermuda seeds sprout faster and have a greater germination rate than un-hulled seeds, and hulled Bermuda seeds generally have fewer weed seeds mixed in, so you will get a more uniform lawn with hulled seeds. The sowing procedure is the same for hulled or un-hulled seeds. Expect to pay slightly more for hulled seeds.
Water your lawn to encourage the growth of grass and weeds.
Spray your lawn with a broadleaf herbicide seven days after you have begun watering it, when grass and weeds are green and growing well. Follow the manufacturer's mixing instructions for the herbicide. Do not spray if conditions are windy or if rain is expected within the next day.
Rake off all dead vegetation and debris seven days after spraying with the broadleaf herbicide.
Spread one to two inches of organic manure on the lawn, and rototill the manure into the top six inches of the soil, breaking up the soil well.
Rake the lawn with a hard steel rake to remove rocks, roots and other debris and to level your lawn.
Use a seed spreader to spread hulled Bermuda seeds on the lawn, using approximately one pound of seeds per 1,000 square feet.
Spread 1/4 inch of starter fertilizer on top of the Bermuda seeds and then gently run a hard steel rake over the lawn, mixing the seeds with the starter fertilizer. Water gently but thoroughly with a sprinkler until the ground is damp but not soggy.
Water as needed for the next three weeks, keeping the ground damp but not overly wet. Your hulled Bermuda seeds should sprout within seven days, depending on the temperature. Do not walk on the lawn or mow it for 21 days after seeds sprout.
Things You Will Need
- Broadleaf herbicide
- Hard rake
- Organic fertilizer (manure)
- Starter fertilizer
- Set your mower height to 3 1/2 inches for the first three mowings.
- Once established, your Bermuda will crowd out most other weeds and grasses.