Planting a flower garden can add beauty and curb appeal to your home while providing you with a source of fresh flowers for floral arrangements. Many people, from young children to the elderly, enjoy planting and watching flowers grow. Put on a hat and some sunscreen when setting out to nurture your plants.
Choose the location for your garden. The location can be in full sun (at least six hours of sunshine a day) or shade; however, there are more flower options if you choose full sun. The location should be well-drained, not in an area where water stands after a rainfall. A flower garden may be against a wall or fence, or the garden may be an “island” surrounded by grass in your landscape.
Starting with the right tools can make planting a flower garden easier. At a minimum, you will need a shovel or spade to dig the earth; a rake to break up clumps, remove rocks and level soil; and a garden hose. Gloves can protect your hands from blisters while using hand tools.
Design and Dig
Decide on the size and shape of the flower bed, like square, rectangular, round, oval or kidney bean shape. A garden hose can be used to outline the area of the garden. Use a shovel to cut down about 8 inches and turn the soil over. Remove clumps of grass. Mix about 2 inches of organic matter, like compost or leaf mold, into the tilled soil if desired.
Purchase flowering plants that go well together. The colors may complement one another, like pink, yellow and purple; contrast with each other, like red and white; or all flowers may be different shades of the same color. Annual flowers are less expensive then perennial flowers, making annuals a good choice for experimenting on size and color.
Plant taller flowers in the back of a garden that is against a wall or fence and in the middle of an island garden. Mid-size flowers go in front of the taller flowers. Plant short flowers around the perimeter of a garden, exclusive of the garden side against a wall or fence.
With the garden already tilled, the hole dug for the plant only needs to be as big as the container. Remove the plant from the container. Place the plant in the hole so the soil level of the plant is level to the ground.
Water after planting and continue to water every seven to 10 days, spring to fall, if there is no rainfall. Popping off the dead blooms encourages new growth. Applying 1 to 2 inches of wood mulch can help to retain water and hinder weed growth.