Winesap apples are a good type of apple to grow in home orchards as they work well fresh, frozen, baked, in pies or as applesauce. Winesap apple trees are hardy from zones 5 to 8 and grow 10 to 25 feet in height with a spread of 10 to 25 feet. Winesap apples ripen in the late fall and early winter and last for a long time. If you want to grow winesap apples make sure you plant them near a different variety of apple so they can cross-pollinate.
Plant winesap apple trees in full sun spaced about 15 to 20 feet apart. Winesap apple trees grow well in many types of soil, from acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy and silty loam, as long as it is well-drained.
Dig a hole for the winesap apple tree as deep as the root ball and twice as wide. Place the tree into the hole and fill the hole with soil.
Water winesap apple trees once a week for 10 to 15 minutes. Keep the soil around the trees moist, but not soggy, at all times.
Prune the winesap apple trees in the early spring, before they bloom. Trim off any dead, diseased or broken branches. Prune so the tree has one central leader and three to four branches spaced 1 to 2 feet apart.
Fertilize in the spring with 1 lb. of 10-10-10 fertilizer the first year. Add 1 lb. a year until the tree is 5 to 6 years old.
Thin the fruit of the winesap apple tree in the early summer. Leave only one apple per cluster and space each apple 4 to 6 inches apart.
Harvest the winesap apples in the late fall or early winter when the apples are red and twist off the tree easily.