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Types of Flowers That Grow in India

By Carlye Jones ; Updated September 21, 2017
Jasmine is just one of the many beautiful and highly scented flowers that grow in India.

Flowers that are native and grow in India are as varied as the country itself, from flowering desert plants that survive extreme heat and drought, to those that thrive in tropical conditions and require frequent rain and humidity. The colors, shapes and scents of the flowers common to India range from exotic to common.

Angelwing Jasmine

With a scent as enchanting as the large, delicate white flowers, angelwing jasmine grows as a vine but is often trimmed back to a bush-like shape. Without constant trimming and maintenance it can quickly reach 20 feet. Blooms on angelwing jasmine open at night and close during the day. They are usually pure white and can be up to 2 inches across in size.

Dzuko Lily

A rare and highly prized lily, the Dzuko lily grows wild only in Dzukou Valley. Although it looks similar to the Siroi lily, also found in India, it is always a rich pink color throughout, while the Siroi lily is pink at the base and white at the tips. Another characteristic of the Dzuko lily is that it hangs facing downward.

Bi-Color Cymbidium Orchid

The bi-color cymbidium orchid is found in northeast India and only at specific elevations. The flowers are unusually shaped, with long, oblong petals and hang on down, on a tall arching stem, looking almost like a man-made garland. The flowers are a rich, red-brown in the center, outlined in cream or white. To thrive, the bi-color cymbidium orchid needs constant warmth and humidity.

Wallich’s Cobra Lily

Thoroughly Indian in name and appearance, Wallich's cobra lily looks like the head of a cobra at first glance. The bloom actually curves over itself at the top and has a delicate pattern of lines similar to that of a butterfly. It is brown and green when it first blooms, but it matures to a brilliant orange.

Indian Barberry

With bright yellow clusters of flowers, Indian barberry grows as a small shrub and is prized both for its flowers and its medicinal uses. The blooms last from March to June and eventually produce black berries. The leaves are used to treat jaundice and the roots have medicinal uses for a variety of conditions such as sore eyes, ulcers and skin wounds.