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Vegetables That Need Sun to Grow

By Amy Deemer ; Updated September 21, 2017
Full sun exposure produces high yields of nutritious  vegetables.
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Growing your own vegetable garden will provide you and your family with healthy, nutritious vegetables at a far lower cost than your local market. Choosing the proper location for plants in your garden is essential for their well-being. Planting vegetables in the wrong lighting conditions will lead to wilting, poor yields and an unsuccessful crop. For gardens that have full sun exposure, select vegetables that will thrive and flourish in the sunlight.


Plant tomatos in full sun for a successful crop.
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Tomato plants are easy to grow and come in a wide range of colors and sizes. Select a few different plants for tomatoes that have different uses and flavors. Grow sweet cherry tomatoes your salads; plant beefsteak if you want meaty, slicing tomatoes for sandwiches and burgers. Roma tomatoes are good for cooking and making sauces.

Tomato plants need eight to 12 hours of full sun a day. Plant tomatoes in areas of your garden that are well lit, and you'll have a high crop yield. Plants do best when they are grown in rich, organic soil and are watered regularly. Harvest your tomatoes when they ripen--usually the fruit is a shade of pink. For more flavorful tomatoes, leave them on the vine to ripen further. If a tomato has fallen from the vine before it's ripe, place it in a paper bag with an apple for a few days, and it will be ready to eat.


Peppers come in many shapes, colors and sizes.
cayenne, habanero and bell peppers in rows, on white image by Elena Moiseeva from Fotolia.com

Considered to be a high yield plant, the pepper is ideal for use in small gardens or containers. There are a lot of peppers to choose for you garden. Plant a variety of plants so you'll have several different kinds of peppers to enjoy. Select them by color or shape. You can choose hot or sweet peppers and find those that suit your taste and needs.

Plant your peppers in a location that receives full sun for the larger part of the day. Peppers prefer a moist, well-drained soil and will not grow well in overly-wet conditions. Water plants regularly during the dry months. Harvest them as soon as they reach an edible size. Plant hot and sweet peppers on opposite ends of the garden to avoid cross pollination.


Globe zucchini are best served stuffed.
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A garden favorite, the zucchini is easy to grow, produces a high crop yield and does well in most climates. Zucchini plants can grow in gardens, in containers and even indoors.There are several varieties of zucchini available to gardeners.The elite produces a heavy yield, the golden has a milder taste and the globe are round, about the size of a softball and perfect for stuffing.

Zucchini plants will tolerate most soil conditions as long as it has good drainage. Plants thrive in full sun, but can endure partial shade if necessary. Plant zucchini in a mound of soil, planting seeds around the mound. Thin them to three per mound when seedlings emerge and two per mound when true leaves appear. Keep the soil moist; if plants don't get enough water immature zucchini will fall from the vine. Don't water the stems or leaves. Harvest zucchini once they exceed 4 inches in length and have a tender skin. Leaving plants on the vine to mature will shorten the growing season, so pick zucchini frequently to ensure continued production.