South Florida’s year-round warm temperatures allow for a vast variety of flowering plants to flourish in the region. Gardeners have many choices in flowering vines, annuals, perennials and shrubs that will thrive in their South Florida landscapes. By adding plants that bloom at various times during the year, having a garden of constant blooms is possible and relatively easy.
Perennials and Annuals
Quite a few annuals and perennials will grow well in the warm climate of South Florida. Milkweed (Asclepias) is a good addition for butterfly gardens, attracting both butterflies and hummingbirds. It is a fast grower, obtaining a mature height of approximately 4 feet. Flowers are in bouquets of orange, red and yellow and bloom throughout the year. Canna lily (Canna) grows fast, reaching a height of 3 to 4 feet. With many cultivars, flowers come in a variety of colors such as orange, white, red and purple. Gazania (Gazania) has striking flowers in colors of purple, white or pink. It has a medium growth rate and reaches a height of 1 to 2 feet at maturity. Sweet alyssum (Lobularia maritima) has a medium growth rate and reaches a height of 1/2 to 1 foot. Flowers range in colors of purple, pink and white.
South Florida’s warm climate is optimal for growing quite a few species of flowering vines. Black-eye Susan vine (Thunbergia alata) is a fast grower, reaching heights of up to 10 feet. The vine produces yellow daisy-like flower in the summer. Passion vine (Passiflora) grows rapidly, reaching a height of 10 feet or more in no time. Flowers range in colors of purplish white to red and attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea) grows quickly, reaching a height of 40 feet, if trained to be a vine. With many cultivars, flower range in a variety of colors such as pink, purple, white and orange. Morning glory (Ipomoea) is a quick growing vine, reaching a height of 75 feet. Flowers range in colors of purplish and white.
Many flowering shrubs will thrive in the tropical climate of South Florida. Firecracker plant (Russelia sarmentosa) grows quickly to 3 to 4 feet in height. The red tubular flowers bloom in summer through fall and attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Hibiscus (Hibiscus), mainly used as a shrub, is sometimes trained to be tree-like. It grows at a medium rate of speed and has many cultivars. Flowers range in colors of pinks, purples, reds, orange, white, as well as many more. Flowers are single or double. Gardenia (Gardenia) has a medium growth rate, reaching a height of 4 to 8 feet. The fragrant, white flowers are produced spring through summer. Giant Yellow Shrimp Plant (Barleria micans) grows quickly to 4 to 5 feet tall. The plant produces yellow shrimp-like flowers throughout the year.