Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →

List of Jamaica's Native Plants

...
jamaica flag icon. (with clipping path) image by Andrey Zyk from Fotolia.com

Jamaica is a diverse Caribbean island that is rich in culture as well as native plant and animal life. Away from the swinging scene in Kingston and the reggae music of the clubs, the forests and wetlands are host to more than 3,000 species of plant life, although most forests were cleared for lumber after European contact. Remaining species include mahogany, ebony, rosewood trees and many flowering plants.

Indigenous Trees

Included in the list of Jamaica’s native trees are the following: mahogany, rosewood, cedar, logwood, palmetto palm, ebony, allspice, wild lime, Jamaican dogwood, live oak and coconut palm.

Flowering Plants

More than 200 species of native flowering plants live on the island of Jamaica. Some of the common varieties include partridge pea, Spanish needle, desert cassia, scarlet swamp hibiscus, yellow passionflower, turkey tangle or fogfruit, sunshine mimosa, blackbead, doctorbush, broomweed, swamp twinflower, wild petunia, blue porterweed and scarlet sage.

Native Orchids

Sixty species of native orchids live on Jamaica. The small flowering Jamaica orchid is now very rare. Other native orchid species include plants in the following genera: Bletila, Brassia, Coelia, Dendrophylax, Elleanthus, Encyclia, Epidendrum, Habenaria, Jacquiniella, Lepanthes, Maxillaria, Oncidium, Pleurothallis, Stellis and Vanilla.

  • Jamaica is a diverse Caribbean island that is rich in culture as well as native plant and animal life.
  • More than 200 species of native flowering plants live on the island of Jamaica.

Ferns and Grasses

Sixty-four species of native ferns exist on Jamaica. The Jamaican maiden fern is common, and others include the “vampire” fern, tall tree ferns and the water clover fern, which lives in water and looks like a four-leaf clover. The dry areas of Jamaica’s southern region are home to many indigenous grasses, such as the Jamaican saw grass.

Related Articles

List of Ten Endangered Plants in Palawan
List of Ten Endangered Plants in Palawan
Endangered Plants of the Desert
Endangered Plants of the Desert
Native Indonesian Plants
Native Indonesian Plants
Scientific Names for Palm Trees
Scientific Names for Palm Trees
Morrocan Plants & Flowers
Morrocan Plants & Flowers
Plants in the Great Victoria Desert
Plants in the Great Victoria Desert
Facts About Evergreen Trees
Facts About Evergreen Trees
Rare Plants in a Taiga Biome
Rare Plants in a Taiga Biome
How to Care for a Kangaroo Paw Fern
How to Care for a Kangaroo Paw Fern
What Are Common Plants in South Carolina?
What Are Common Plants in South Carolina?
List of Plants in Temperate Grasslands
List of Plants in Temperate Grasslands
List of Flowers Found in the Tropical Rainforest
List of Flowers Found in the Tropical Rainforest
List of Marine Water Plants
List of Marine Water Plants
Garden Guides
×