Vines are generally hardy, low-maintenance houseplants. Some grow to more than 50 feet when planted outdoors. Indoors, they can be controlled with pruning or set on a sill and trained to create a natural window treatment. Any of the ivies--English, Swedish or German--make suitable houseplants, but ivies aren’t the only potted vining plants that can be grown indoors.
Passiflora, or passion vine can grow to 30 or 40 feet when grown in the garden. The foliage is blue-green and the vines of some varieties have a thick covering of soft hair. The fragrant blooms are pink, violet and white. Some parts of the plant are poisonous. Passion vine’s name comes from the resemblance of the flower to a crown of thorns. Indoors, you can control the length of the vines by pinching back the ends. Passion vine likes bright sunlight but doesn’t tolerate high heat well. Avoid over watering the plant.
Sweet Potato Vine
Sweet potato vines are very easy to grow. They thrive in almost any light condition and are tolerant of changes in temperature. Vines can quickly reach 6 feet in length. The blooms are a violet/lavender color. Start your own plants by letting a sweet potato form eyes that have sprouts. Cut out a section of potato with a sprout and bury it in the soil. Sweet potato vines thrive on regular watering and a sunny location. Pinching the ends of the plant back when the vine becomes too long forces the plant to bush out. The parts you’ve pinched back can be rooted in water.
Pothos, or Devil’s Ivy has variegated heart-shaped leaves. The vines can grow to 6 feet in length and leaves can span 5 inches. All parts of the plant can be poisonous, and handling the plant may cause an allergic reaction in some people that ranges from minor discomfort to a reaction similar to that caused by poison ivy. Blooms are uncommon and inconspicuous. Plants grown in low light lose variegation in the leaves or the leaves may turn yellow. Cutting back the plant when it becomes too long forces new growth.
Heart leaf philodendron may be the most popular plant for hanging baskets. When grown outdoors, it can each 40 feet in length. It’s pest resistant, hardy and low-maintenance. The plant does best in bright light but will also survive low light conditions, though the leaves may be smaller and the plant may grow more slowly. Water the plant when the top inch of the soil dries out. Over watering can cause the leaves to turn yellow. Cut the vines back aggressively to force new growth if you want a more compact philodendron.