Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →

Fruit Trees in Arizona

...
white flowers of the fruit-tree image by Maria Brzostowska from Fotolia.com

Oranges and other citrus fruits like lemons, limes and grapefruit are grown in Arizona as commercial crops and for personal use. In colder areas of the state, such as Payson, Prescott, Flagstaff, Show Low and Mount Lemon, deciduous varieties of fruit trees that require a chilling period grow as well. Some deciduous fruit trees will grow and bear fruit in the desert areas of Arizona with proper soil and water.

Citrus

Citrus trees are evergreen and frost tender. They grow from 15 to 30 feet high in a naturally rounded shape. The leaves are oval-shaped and glossy. Blossoms are small, white and very fragrant. Most citrus trees have thorns. In addition to oranges, lemons, limes and grapefruit, more unusual varieties of citrus are grown in Arizona, including tangelos, mandarin oranges, Myer lemons, blood oranges and pomelos. Pomelos, for example, are pale green and a relative of the grapefruit. The fruit is white and sweeter than a grapefruit.

  • Oranges and other citrus fruits like lemons, limes and grapefruit are grown in Arizona as commercial crops and for personal use.

Fruit trees are sold in containers from 15 gallons to boxes up to 36 inches square. Planting is done at any time but the hottest part of the summer. The best time in Arizona is early spring or fall when the weather is warm enough to encourage root growth before the hot months.

Fruits That Require Chilling

Chilling hours are those when the temperature is below 45 degrees Fahrenheit but above 32 degrees F. Most of Arizona isn't a good location for deciduous tree fruits because there aren't enough chilling hours. Fruit trees that require chilling won't bloom or set fruit if the winter is too warm. Higher elevations such as the area around Oak Creek, Sedona and Prescott supports these types of fruits. Apples, pears, cherries and plums all require chilling. Most of these trees grow from 15 to 30 feet high. They bloom before they leaf out with a few exceptions. Although growing trees from seeds is possible, most trees are grafted onto sturdy rootstock.

  • Fruit trees are sold in containers from 15 gallons to boxes up to 36 inches square.
  • The best time in Arizona is early spring or fall when the weather is warm enough to encourage root growth before the hot months.

Deciduous trees may be sold bare root while they're dormant. The tree is dug up. Soil is removed from the roots. Roots are clipped and wrapped in a damp medium like saw dust, then wrapped in burlap or plastic. These trees must be planted at the earliest signs of spring right after the average date of the last frost.

Fruit trees may blossom the first few years but shouldn't be allowed to set fruit. Remove the fruit so the tree puts all its energy into growing.

  • Deciduous trees may be sold bare root while they're dormant.
  • Fruit trees may blossom the first few years but shouldn't be allowed to set fruit.

Other Fruits

Peaches with very low chilling requirements will grow and set fruit in Arizona as will apricots, figs, persimmons and quince. Avocados will grow and are very frost tender. Olives are fruits that are produced mostly for their oil. They must be treated before they're consumable as olives.

Related Articles

What Time of Year Do Lemon Trees Bear Fruit?
What Time of Year Do Lemon Trees Bear Fruit?
How to Grow Fruit Trees in Washington
How to Grow Fruit Trees in Washington
Lime Trees With Thorns
Lime Trees With Thorns
Lemon Trees in Texas
Lemon Trees in Texas
The Identification of the Leaves of Fruit Trees
The Identification of the Leaves of Fruit Trees
Dwarf Citrus Trees & Arizona
Dwarf Citrus Trees & Arizona
Container Fruit Trees for Zone 10
Container Fruit Trees for Zone 10
How to Plant Citrus Trees in Arizona
How to Plant Citrus Trees in Arizona
Fruit Trees for Pennsylvania
Fruit Trees for Pennsylvania
Fruit Trees That Grow in Baguio City
Fruit Trees That Grow in Baguio City
How to Prune Dwarf Citrus Trees
How to Prune Dwarf Citrus Trees
Fruit Trees That Grow Well in Northwest Oregon
Fruit Trees That Grow Well in Northwest Oregon
Fruit and Nut Trees in Washington
Fruit and Nut Trees in Washington
What Time of Year Do You Plant Fruit Trees in Louisiana?
What Time of Year Do You Plant Fruit Trees in Louisiana?
How to Grow Pomegranate Trees in Texas
How to Grow Pomegranate Trees in Texas
Fruit Trees That Grow in North Florida
Fruit Trees That Grow in North Florida
The Best Time to Plant Trees in Ohio
The Best Time to Plant Trees in Ohio
Texas Fruit Tree Planting Information
Texas Fruit Tree Planting Information
Garden Guides
×