Propagating fig trees from a mother plant is a task best performed during the last of the winter months. Small diameter cuttings taken from the tree during the remaining months of winter will sprout new leaves and roots in a matter of weeks when placed indoors under warm conditions. Caring for these new saplings is not difficult as long as you do not over water the young growing plants.
Fill 6-inch diameter pots with potting soil that contain a little extra sand. A good ratio of potting soil to sand will be four parts soil to one part sand. Mix this well, and fill the plastic pots to the upper rim.
Take stem cuttings from the mother tree while it is still dormant. The colder the outdoor temperature, the better. This will eliminate any insect problems that may occur from the fresh cut end of the tree’s branches. Use stems that are no larger than 3/8 of inch in diameter. The stem cuttings should be no longer than 8 inches in length.
Dip the cut end of the rooting stem into the rooting hormone. Coat at least the bottom 2 inches of the stem with the white powder.
Insert four to five cuttings per plastic pot at least 3 inches into the potting soil mix. Water thoroughly. Allow the pot to drip dry for 24 hours.
Use the scissors and cut the bottom off of a 2 liter or 3 liter plastic soda bottle. Wash the container out with clean water. Leave the cap in place.
Place the plastic pot with the fig cuttings in a window that does not have direct sunlight. Set the plastic soda bottle over the fig stems, like a small greenhouse. Leave the mini greenhouse assembly alone for two weeks.
Pull the soda bottle from the plant stems and check for moisture content. The stems should shows signs of green growth and the soil slightly moist to dry. If the soil is extremely dry, add just a 1/2 cup of water, no more. Replace the soda bottle over the fig saplings.
Remove the soda bottle from the fig saplings once the leaves are approximately 1 inches to 1-1/2 inches in diameter.
Water the saplings once every week with no more than 1 cup of water. Do not fertilize.