Honeysuckle is a species with many different varieties. Some honeysuckle grows on small shrubs, while others grow as vines. Honeysuckles produce small, scented blossoms in the spring and small, red berries in the late summer and fall. Although attractive in many landscape designs, some varieties of honeysuckle pose a threat to other plants. Removal of these invasive honeysuckle plants allows other types of plants to survive. Proper removal techniques discourage re-establishment of honeysuckle plants in areas intended for other types of shrubs and flowers.
Because many varieties of honeysuckle develop shallow root systems, pulling out the entire plant removes many of the small shrubs and vines. This inexpensive method works in small areas of invasive honeysuckles. Many landowners identify and quickly pull these plants in the early spring. Allowing honeysuckle to mature poses a problem for this method of eradication.
Cutting provides a quick method for honeysuckle removal. A single cutting seldom kills the honeysuckle plants, which grow back from the roots. Continual and repetitive cuttings throughout the growing season starve the roots by exhausting the supply of stored nutrients. Cutting the plants before seeds form reduces the occurrence of new plants. Honeysuckle grows easily from seed scattered by birds, wind and small animals. Burning after cutting destroys seeds on bushes cut late in the season.
Areas containing small quantities of honeysuckle make good candidates for herbicides applied with a backpack sprayer. Large areas often require industrial sprayers for complete coverage. Cutting before spraying with an herbicide increases the success rate of removal using this method. This method works well when used in areas that contain large and small varieties of honeysuckle. Herbicides containing triclopyr and glyphosate kill most types of honeysuckle plants when applied according to the manufacturers’ instructions. Herbicides often destroy other types of plants when applied over a broad area.