Native Plants of Texas
When you choose plants that are native to Texas, you know they will perform well in your landscaping. These plants have already flourished in the wild, along roadways and in the large expansive areas of Texas. Of course, some plants are only native to particular parts of Texas. Choose from a list for the region you live in.
Texas High Plains
The northern area of Texas is known as the high plains. It is a bit cooler here than in the lower regions of the state. Yet, precipitation is low; therefore, most plants of this area are drought resistant.
Some native plants found in the area are: Wine cup (purple poppy), Buffalo Grass (drought tolerant lawn), Butterfly Weed (orange flowering bush), Texas Redbud (rose-purple flowering bush), Silver Mountain Mahogany (spring blooming tree), Evening Rain Lily (large fragrant white flowers) and Plains Coreopsis (small yellow flowers).
North Central Texas
This location has warm, humid summers. It is in the southern section of what is known as “tornado alley,” so it can receive some severe spring storms. The winters are mild, with only short bouts of very cold weather. It has over 8 months of freeze-free weather, making it a long growing season location.
Native plants found in North Central Texas include Ash-Leaf Maple (light green leaves on a short, but spreading tree), Huisache Daisy (golden-yellow flowers), American Beauty Berry (perennial bush with purple or white berries), American Basket Flower (large purple flowers from the aster family) and Eastern Purple Coneflower (daisy-shaped pink-purple petals).
This region of Texas is considered subtropical and humid. It receives a great deal of rain, especially in the easternmost part, caused by the Gulf currents. At times it receives severe thunderstorms. Native plants in this region must be strong to withstand the winds, but also be content with the warm moisture, as well.
Some native plants found in East Texas are: Southern Sugar Maple (small, spreading tree with orange fall foliage), Common Yarrow (white or pink blooms in spring and summer), Entireleaf or Texas Paintbrush (bright red, spiked flowers), Purple Clematis (vine with purple-blue bell-shaped blooms) and Lanceleaf Coreopsis (sunflower-type golden flowers).
The most southern, coastal regions are warm most of the year. However, south Texas, if a strong front appears in the winter, can get quite cold. More rain exists along the coast than inland, where it is colder and dryer. This region can see tornadoes, but not often.
Native plants found in the South Texas region include Chili Pequin (also called Cayenne, red-orange edible fruit), Trumpet Creeper (vine with red-orange trumpet-shaped blooms), Jack in the Bush (shrub with small blue flowers) and Texas Ebony (spiny-branched short tree or shrub).