The best trees to plant in Ohio come in a wide range of sizes and species. You will find a tree for any size property, type of soil and sun condition. Ohio trees attract a wide variety birds and wild life, produce leaves or flower or both. There are only two planting zones in Ohio---zones 4 and 5---and the trees are hardy in both of them. Picking the right tree will give the landscape a sense of dimension and will be the focal point to which the rest of the plants can relate.
Miyabe maple (Acer miyabei) is native to Japan and grows from 30 to 40 feet tall and produces leaves that are dark green in the summer and turn a pale yellow in the fall. The tree is hardy in all of Ohio, needs full sun--at least six hours of sunshine a day and moist well drained soils. The soil can go a bit dry, but should not be wet. It will attract the yellow-bellied sapsucker who can do damage to the tree.
Pogoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is also known as Alternate-leaf dogwood and is native to the United States. The tree grows to from 20 to 35 feet tall and produces dark green leaves that turn a dull maroon in the fall, fragrant creamy white flowers that bloom in May and June and grow in clusters and red purple berries. The plant needs partial to full shade and moist well-drained soils. The berries are inedible to humans but grouse, pheasants, wild turkeys and squirrels will use them for winter food and the flowers will attract song birds and butterflies. The tree can be planted in all of Ohio.
Northern White Oak
Northern white oak (Quercus alba L.) is also known as stave oak, ridge white oak and forked--leaf white oak. The tree grows from 80 to 100 feet tall and produces red--brown buds that become four to eight inch long and three to five in wide green leaves that turn burgundy in the fall and acorns that measure up to one inch long. The tree also produces both male and female flowers. The male flowers are yellow--green and the female red--green. The tree is native to eastern Canada and eastern United States, can be planted in full sun or partial shade and needs a soil that is dry to moist, but not wet, and is well drained. The acorns attract birds and small animals and the flowers attract birds and butterflies. Northern white oak grows in any part of Ohio.