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How to Grow Mission Black Fig Trees

By Katelyn Lynn ; Updated September 21, 2017

Mission black fig trees are also known as beers black fig and the Franciscan fig tree. They are deciduous fruit-producing subtropical trees that are believed to originate from the Balearic Islands. The mission black fig tree produces large, dark-colored figs with a sweet, light pulp. They can grow to between 25 and 30 feet tall. Growing fig trees requires a warm, arid climate and at least eight hours of sunlight daily.

Dig a planting hole for your mission black fig tree that is three times the diameter of its root system and about twice the depth. If you have more than one fig tree to plant, space each of the planting holes 20 to 25 feet apart. (Mission black fig trees are large trees and require ample space to grow.)

Incorporate into the soil you extracted from the planting hole an equal amount of a rich, organic matter. You can use rotted leaves, aged manure, compost, or other similar organic matter.

Remove the mission black fig tree from its growing container. Flip the tree horizontally. Then use a block of wood or a trowel to gently tap down on the rim of the container. Or you can use a pair of all-purpose heavy-duty snips to cut the container off the root system.

Scoop some of the organic media and garden-soil mixture back into the planting hole--enough so that the planting hole is now about the same depth of the root ball.

Plant the mission black fig tree into the planting hole. The trunk should be sitting vertically in the hole. Make sure that top of the root ball is approximately 2 to 3 inches below the level of the adjacent garden soil.

Scoop in soil to fill the planting hole about two-thirds full, then run water into the hole until it's nearly full. Let the water settle in before you fill the remainder of the planting hole full of soil. To help eliminate air pockets in the soil, pack the soil down around the root system as you fill the hole with soil.

Create a 6- to 8-inch-high circular dam of dirt around the tree that extends out to between 24 and 36 inches in diameter. Then water the tree thoroughly.


Things You Will Need

  • Mission black fig tree
  • Shovel
  • Organic media
  • Trowel or block of wood


  • According to Purdue University, fig trees prefer being grown in soil with a pH of between 6.0 and 6.5.
  • Plant container-grown mission black fig trees during the springtime.
  • Once the tree becomes established, usually by the second or third growing season, fertilize it twice a year--once in early spring, then once again in early summer. Use a 6-6-6 or other like granular fertilizer.

About the Author


Katelyn Lynn has been writing health and wellness articles since 2007. Her work appears on various websites. Lynn is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular medicine and preventative modalities. She is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in health sciences from TUI University and has extensive experience in botany and horticulture.