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Linden Tree Characteristics

By James Newsome ; Updated September 21, 2017

The Linden tree is a large tree native to North Dakota east of the Missouri River. It grows well in fertile loam and clay soils that have adequate drainage. It is often used in landscaping because its size makes it ideal for shade and blocking wind, as well as having pleasant smelling flowers.

Size and Shape

The Linden tree grows to be around 50 feet tall and can reach up to 70 feet tall. It spreads to be 30 feet wide but can be up to 50 feet wide in larger Linden trees. The tree is shaped like a pyramid when it is young, but it becomes more round as it ages.


The leaves on a Linden tree are roughly heart shaped and green. They turn a pale yellow in the fall. The leaves are three to six inches wide and three to six inches long and have serrated edges.


The fruit of the Linden tree is a nut, 1/4 inch around, with a thick shell. They appear similar to peas and contain seeds that are a light brown color when mature.


The bark of a Linden tree is anywhere from brown to a grayish color and is roughly broken into many flat sections that cover the tree.


The flowers of the Linden tree range from white to yellowish white and grow in clusters of three to seven flowers in a cluster.


The wood of a Linden tree is considered tough for its weight and is used in furniture and carvings.


About the Author


Born in Ohio, USA, James Newsome is a photographer, designer, and writer. He worked as a landscaper for seven years as well as attending Wright state University for Fine Arts and the Art Institute of Pittsburgh for photography.