The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is a fruit-bearing tree that can grow 100 to 120 feet tall at maturity. The date fruits are sweet, dark-brown to reddish or yellowish-brown, with thick skin and flesh. The date palm is an ancient fruit, with cultivation dating back to 4,000 B.C. The date palm grows best in warmer climates where the average temperature during the growing season is above 64 degrees Fahrenheit and winter temperatures don’t drop below 20 degree Fahrenheit. You can grow a date palm from the seeds contained inside the date fruit.
Cut the date fruits in half to extract the seeds inside. Pick off as much of the excess fruit on the date seed as possible.
Fill a small cup with clean, distilled, chlorine-free water and submerge the date palm seeds into the water. Allow the seeds to soak in the water for 24 hours.
Replace the water with fresh chlorine-free water. Soak the date palm seeds for another 24 hours.
Remove the date seeds from the water and place them in a small plastic sandwich bag filled with vermiculite. Sprinkle with 2 tsp. of water, seal and gently shake the bag to cover the seeds with the moist vermiculite.
Store the date palm seeds in the plastic bag in a warm location, maintaining an ideal soil temperature of 80 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Sprinkle additional water into the bag if the vermiculite becomes very dry.
Fill 2-inch wide planter pots with rich potting soil, organic compost or a mixture of both. Plant the date palm seeds, after they sprout, individually into the planter pots just beneath the soil surface.
Place the pots in a warm area that receives full sunlight all day long. Water the seedlings once each day to keep the soil slightly moist, but not wet.