List of Trees in the Amazon Rainforest
The largest tropical rain forest in the world, the Amazon rain forest spans across eight countries and is also the world's largest river basin. Also known as Amazonia, the tropical jungle is home to many exotic flora and fauna. Some of the most interesting forms of life in the Amazon rain forest are the selection of trees. From rare and endangered to common tropical growth, the Amazon rain forest is a jungle of discovery that comes to life with the multitude of its trees.
Native to the Amazon region of Brazil, Acioa edulis, or Castanha-de-cutia, is a timber tree that produces deep green foliage and vibrant pink blossoms. The blossoms become the fruit of the Acioa edulis, which resemble a type of date fruit. The fruit has many uses from culinary to aromatherapy.
Found in the tropical jungles of the Amazon region of Brazil, awarra is a medium-sized palm tree that grows in a cluster-like formation. The fruits produced by awarra are small, deep orange and used for oil production. The centers of the fruits have been used to make wedding rings by the indigenous people of the Amazon rain forest for ages.
Referred to in Brazil as "castanha-do-pará," the Brazil nut tree is common throughout the Amazon rain forest and other parts of South America. The massive giant reaches to heights of 160 feet, becoming part of the "canopy" of the Amazon rain forest. Although it is possible to grow a Brazil nut tree on your property, it can take as long as 20 years before it is mature enough to begin producing nuts.
The sandbox tree, or Possumwood tree, is a giant tree that can reach up to 100 feet. The leaves of the tree are also massive, growing to as large as two feet in diameter. The sap of the sandbox tree is toxic and has been used by the indigenous people of the Amazon rain forest as poison for arrows. The seed pods are about the size of the palm of a human hand, and resemble pumpkins. They contain several small seeds that burst, with a loud bang, from the pod once it is ripe. The pod is known to burst so violently, that injuries can occur, as the seeds can travel up to 300 feet.