How to Grow Almond Trees From Seed
Almonds are one of the most expensive nuts on the market, available raw, roasted and even boiled. If you are a fan of the almond, growing them in your yard can help you get your fill without breaking the bank. For best results, find an almond that has fallen from a tree or purchase imported almonds. Start your almond seed indoors three months prior to the date of your last frost.
Soak the almond overnight in warm water.
Split the seed along the seam, just a fraction of an inch. You just want to open a very small hole in the outer seed. Using a nutcracker, with gentle pressure, should be sufficient.
Mix together equal parts of peat moss and sand and moisten it well. Pour it into an airtight container, such as a margarine tub.
Push the almond seed into the soil until it is completely buried. Place the lid on the container and place it in the refrigerator. Allow it to remain in the refrigerator for 12 weeks.
Choose a location in the garden in which you will grow your almond tree. It will need lots of sunshine, and the ground will need to be thawed enough to work.
Prepare the soil in the planting area by digging it up to a depth of 12 inches. Add a 3-inch layer of compost and a 2-inch layer of coarse sand, and mix well with the soil. Level the area.
Plant the almond seed 2 to 3 inches deep. Water the area well with a fine mist from the hose.
Water the seedling every 10 to 14 days if the weather is dry.
Care Of Almond Trees
Plant almond trees in well-draining soil with at least 5 feet of topsoil. The soil can be mounded to create the proper depth. The trees will grow best in soil with a pH of around 6.5, although they will tolerate acidic, neutral and alkaline pH levels. Paint the south side of the trunk and large branches with whitewash to protect the tree from sunscald if the sun is too hot. Adjust watering as necessary to avoid drowning the roots or allowing the soil to dry out. Fertilize twice a year in the spring, before new growth appears, and again in the early fall. Use 1 cup of 10-10-10 fertilizer per year of tree age, with a maximum of 10 cups, in the spring application.
- Small container, such as a margarine tub, with a lid
- Peat moss
- University of Illinois: Establishing Nut Trees
- University of California at Davis: Almond Planting
- Missouri Botanical Garden: Prunus Dulcis
- Arbor Day Foundation: Almond, Hall's Hardy
- Fruit Crops: Almond - Prunus Dulcis
- Plants for a Future: Prunus Dulcis
- University of California Cooperative Extension: Fruit Trees -- Planting and Care of Young Trees
- Clemson Cooperative Extension: Peaches & Nectarines
- Clemson Cooperative Extension: Pruning Peaches & Nectarines