How to Grow White Cedar From Seed
The white cedar, or Thuja occidentalis, is a hardy shrub-like tree that can withstand minimum winter temperatures down to about -35 to -40 degrees Fahrenheit. Part of the Cypress family, the white cedar is evergreen, long-living and tall, growing to 50 feet high or more at maturity. White cedar seedlings grow very slowly, gaining only an average of 3 inches in height each year. Getting white cedar seeds to germinate and the seedlings to grow can be difficult, so you must provide the right conditions to ensure success.
Place the white cedar seeds in a container filled with a handful of damp sand or topsoil. Store the seeds in the refrigerator for at least two or three months.
Fill a seed tray with moist topsoil mixed with organic compost or rotted bark mulch, with an optimal soil pH of 6.6 to 7.2. Sow the seeds in March, about 1- to 2-inches deep.
Maintain daytime temperatures between 84 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit and nighttime temperatures at 68 degrees Fahrenheit.
Place the seeds in bright, indirect sunlight. Keep the soil moist by watering it gently or misting it with water each day.
Move the seedlings into full light when they germinate and begin to sprout. Continue to water or mist daily. Transplant the seedlings outdoors in the spring when they reach about 12 inches tall and have strong, well-developed roots.
Grow Cedar From Seed
Make a solution of 1 teaspoon of household bleach in 1 quart of water. Do this in late February or early March. Moisten the planting media until it is drenched and set the containers aside to drain completely. Planting depth is especially critical to the success of the Deodar cedar seed -- do not plant it any deeper than 1/2 inch. Light isn’t important to cedar germination. Keep the soil moist during germination but do not over-water. Cedar seeds and seedlings are particularly susceptible to damping off, a fungal disease. Water the seeds and seedlings by placing the container in a tray of water that reaches halfway up the side.
You can store white cedar seeds for up to five years in a sealed container filled with damp sand in the refrigerator at temperatures between 32 and 38 degrees Fahrenheit.
Don’t allow the seedlings to dry out. Dry conditions are the most common reason for seedling death and poor germination of white cedars.
- You can store white cedar seeds for up to five years in a sealed container filled with damp sand in the refrigerator at temperatures between 32 and 38 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Don't allow the seedlings to dry out. Dry conditions are the most common reason for seedling death and poor germination of white cedars.
- White cedar seeds
- Airtight container
- Damp sand
- Seed tray
- Organic compost or rotted bark mulch
- Water spray bottle
- USDA Forest Service: Thuja Occidentalis L. – Northern White Cedar
- The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation; Michael A. Dirr
- Arboriculture and Urban Forestry: Cedrus –- The True Cedars
- U.S. Forest Service: Cedrus Deodara
- Floridata: Cedrus Atlantica
- Tom Clothier’s Garden Walk and Talk: Damping-Off