To grow full green grass under any conditions, optimum use of space, light and soil are necessary. Conditions must be created that are favorable to the growth of full green grass. Grass prefers a high pH level in soil and as much direct sunlight as it can get. Creating a proper pH level in the soil and providing the most sunlight can combine to help grow full green grass under any conditions.
Rake the lawn and pick up rocks, branches or larger objects. Clear the grass of dead material, leaves and twigs. Place everything in the wheelbarrow and dispose of according to local laws.
Thatch the lawn with a claw rake. Rake in one direction, either left to right or top to bottom. Remove dead grass and break up the hard top soil underneath with the rake. Break up the soil to a depth of 6 inches to ensure the soil is properly loosened, which aerates the ground below the dead material.
Fill the spreader with 2 lbs. of grass seed per 1,000 square feet of lawn space if you are rebuilding a mature lawn; for new or sparsely covered lawn use 4 lbs. of grass seed per 1,000 square feet of lawn space.
Fill the spreader with a 1 lb. bag of lime. Spread a 1/10th-inch layer of lime over the grass seed for the entire area to increase the pH level so the grass will better adapt to the soil.
Fill the spreader with peat moss. Spread a ½-inch layer of peat moss over the lime and grass seed to help keep moisture in the soil, help the absorption rate of the moisture, and add minerals and other nutrients.
Water the lawn daily for 14 days with a lawn sprinkler positioned in the center of the lawn. Water larger lawns one side at a time. Water to a depth of 3 inches to make sure the roots are getting enough moisture.
Increase sunlight to shaded areas for optimal full green grass to grow. Trim bushes and branches that block or shield the sun with pruning shears or loppers.