The pomegranate tree is a deciduous fruit tree that is native to the areas throughout the Mediterranean. This subtropical, shrub-like tree grows up to 30 feet tall and lives approximately 20 to 30 years. An easily grown tree, the pomegranate tree has small oval-shaped foliage, reddish-orange blooms and reddish-yellow fruit with seeds and juicy pulp.
Select a planting location for the pomegranate tree. Choose a well-drained planting location that provides at least eight hours of full sunlight each day. Avoid planting the tree in areas that are poorly drained as the pomegranate cannot tolerate wet feet.
Remove any excess soil from the root system of the pomegranate sapling. Gently loosen the root system. Avoid pulling the roots to prevent damage. Dig a hole for the tree that is the same size as the depth and width of the root system.
Center the pomegranate sapling in the prepared hole and fill the hole with the soil. Build up the planting surface so that the area is elevated from the surrounding surface. Press the soil firmly around the pomegranate to secure its position. Make sure that no roots are showing from the surface.
Irrigate the newly planted pomegranate tree. Water the newly planted tree deeply to promote good establishment. Continue to irrigate the pomegranate once every week with approximately 1 to 1 1/2 inches of water. Increase the watering levels approximately 1/2 inch to 1 inch during the dry, hot summer.
Feed the pomegranate tree with a well balanced, slow release fertilizer twice each year. Distribute the fertilizer evenly around the tree, approximately one foot from the trunk. Do the first application during the early spring just before the onset of the growing season. Do the second application in the late fall to early spring, just after the final harvest.
Prune the pomegranate tree to develop good aeration throughout the tree and to maintain the tree’s size. Promote a tree-like size by selecting a primary trunk and pruning away additional development. Remove excessive suckers from tree and shrub forms to develop a balanced shape. Trim back spent stems and branches after the final harvest.
Protect the pomegranate from insects and disease with regular applications of chemical control. Do three applications of cooper fungicide to prevent common fungal diseases such as leaf spot and leaf curl. Do these applications in the early spring, midsummer and late fall after the final harvest. Control mite infestation with an annual application of sulfur dust. Speak with your local horticultural specialist or nursery representative for selection and application assistance.