More than 500 varieties of pecan trees exist, but the most commonly planted varieties in Georgia are the Elliott, Desirable, Schley, Sumner, Stuart and Cape Fear pecan trees. Regardless of what variety you choose, purchase a pecan tree that is 6 to 8 feet tall. The best times to plant a pecan tree in Georgia are in December, January or February. Because temperatures are mild in Georgia, you can plant your pecan trees this early in the season to allow them plenty of time during the growing season to become established.
Dig a planting hole for your pecan tree that is 8 inches deeper and 6 to 8 inches wider than the root ball, usually 2-½ to 3 feet deep and 24 inches wide.
Loosen the displaced soil well and work in some organic compost. Refill about one-third of the planting hole with the soil, and then water the soil generously to settle it and remove any air pockets.
Loosen the outer lateral roots and the taproot gently. Place the pecan tree’s roots into the planting hole.
Refill the rest of the planting hole with the amended soil until the hole is almost full. Ensure that the graft knot at the bottom of the tree trunk is above the soil surface.
Water the soil around the tree well to settle it and remove air pockets. Dig a thin trench around the tree, just beyond the planting hole’s perimeter, that is about 12 inches deep. Fill the trench with water.