Cabbage is an annual vegetable that is believed to have originated in Europe. According to Floridata.com, there are three main types of cabbage: red, savoy and smooth green. Red cabbage, as the name implies, is reddish in color with compact heads. Savoy cabbage have loose heads and wrinkled leaves. Smooth green cabbage have compact heads and blue-green to yellow-green leaves. Plant cabbage when the weather is cool, and make sure you provide them with full sun and regular watering.
Planting Cabbage Seeds
Put seed starting mix into peat pots or planting cells. Pat the soil down until it's compressed in the peat pots or planting cells. Use your fingers, a block of wood, or the back side of a metal spoon to complete this process.
Mist the surface of the soil in the peat pots or planting cells until you are sure it is well-moistened. Place two or three cabbage seeds into the soil in the planting cells or peat pots. Push them down into the soil gently by using your fingertip.
Scatter 1/2 inch of the seed raising mix over the cabbage seeds. Mist the surface of the soil one final time.
Transfer the peat pots or planting cells into a watering tray, or a similar, shallow container. Cover the tray with either a sheet of glass, or polythene film.
Put the tray of planting cells or peat pots where the temperature will remain around 55 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Cabbage seeds prefer cool temperatures when germinating.
Check the peat pots or planting cells daily. Germination of cabbage seeds varies from five to 10 days. As soon as the cabbage seedlings emerge, remove the sheet of glass or polythene film, and place the seedlings into a location where they will receive about eight to 10 hours of light every day. Keep the growing media moist, but never so much that it is dripping wet. Transplant cabbage seedlings outdoors into your garden when there is no further frost expected, and they reach 2 or 3 inches tall.
Dig up the planting area. Turn over the soil to a depth of about 8 to 12 inches.
Spread out a 3- to 4-inch layer over the planting area of compost, sawdust, wood chips, aged manure or any other organic material. Mix the organic material into the planting area by using a garden fork. Rake and smooth out the area.
Create holes for your cabbage seedlings that are twice the width of the container in which it is growing and about the same depth of each container. Each planting hole for your cabbage seedlings should be spaced about 18 to 24 inches apart.
Soak the peat pots in water for about 15 to 20 minutes before you plant them.
Remove the cabbage seedlings from planting cells by forcing up from the base of the planting cell with your thumb and forefinger. Set the seedlings into a previously dug hole. Scoop in garden soil around each cabbage seedling, then water thoroughly.
Things You Will Need
- Seed starting mix
- Peat pots or planting cells
- Cabbage seeds
- Spray bottle
- Shallow tray
- Polythene film or sheet of glass
- Organic matter
- Illinois State University suggests you transplant cabbage seeds on an overcast, or a rainy day, to avoid transplant shock.