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How to Install Garden Pavers

By Mandi Rogier ; Updated September 21, 2017

Garden pavers can create a patio space in any area of your garden or yard. Use pavers to set aside a secluded alcove amid your flowers where you can set a bench and table and enjoy a good book on a warm summer day. You can also use pavers to designate a path through your garden or extend your back porch. When installed properly, garden pavers will last for decades and give your garden a neat, professional look.

Draw a scale layout of your garden and the area to be paved using grid paper and a pencil. Measure the total area that you are covering as well as the length of each side of the paved area. Use wood or flexible edging to mark the area that will be covered with garden pavers.

Excavate the area where your garden pavers will be. Allow a depth of about five inches for your base material in addition to the depth of the pavers you will be using. The area must be deeper along at least one edge. The pavers should slope about one inch every 5 to 8 feet to allow for proper runoff, and keep the area from flooding. If the paved garden area is near the house, make sure that it slopes away from the house.

Lay approximately 4 inches of gravel or crushed rock for your base. Spread the base material in an even layer over the area, again allowing for a slight slope. Apply the gravel a little bit at a time. Use a compacting machine to compress the base material between layers.

Install edge restraints around the perimeter of the area to keep the pavers in place as you install them.

Spread an inch of sand on top of the gravel. Smooth the sand with a screed board.

Lay the pavers in place on top of the sand. Make sure that the edges fit together closely. Use the compacting machine to press the pavers into place. Sweep a layer of dry sand over the paved area, working it back and forth across the pavers until it has filled in all of the joints.

Sweep and clean the newly paved area thoroughly. Apply a sand binding sealant to the pavers to keep the joint sand in place. This sealer will also protect the pavers from stains and keep them looking like new for much longer than unsealed pavers.


Things You Will Need

  • Grid paper
  • Pencil
  • Shovel
  • Gravel
  • Compacting machine
  • Sand
  • Screed board
  • Garden pavers
  • Broom
  • Sand binding sealant


  • Apply weed killer to the excavated area before adding your filler to prevent these pesky plants from working their way up and around the paved area.


  • If the sand used to fill in between the pavers is too coarse, it won't bind properly.

About the Author


Mandi Rogier is a freelance writer who enjoys writing about a wide range of topics. As a previous employee of Walt Disney World, she enjoys writing travel articles that make use of her extensive knowledge of Orlando theme parks.