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Common Garden Plants

By T.M. Samuels ; Updated September 21, 2017

Be it vegetables, flowers, shrubs or trees, there are certain plants that are seen more often than not in a garden. These common garden plants usually are easy to grow and are gardener favorites. Plants can be grown for a purpose or just for show, depending on the gardener’s needs.

Confederate Rose

From the mallow family, the Hibiscus mutabilis, known as the confederate rose, is an easy-to-grow, fast-growing shrub. It gets 15 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Its leaves are bright green, hairy and 5 to 7 inches long. The Confederate Rose's flowers are white, age to deep pink and grow 3 to 5 inches wide. Grow confederate roses in sun or light shade in most any soil. Propagate the Confederate Rose via cuttings in USDA hardiness zones of 7 through 9.


The Brassica rapa var. rapifera from the cabbage family, known as the turnip, is an easy-to-grow, fast-growing annual vegetable. It gets 1 to 2 feet high with edible leaves and roots. Grow the turnip in neutral pH soil in full sun. Propagate it via seed in USDA hardiness zones of 3 through 10.


The Petunia x hybrida from the nightshade family, known as the petunia, is a perennial that is grown like an annual. This easy-to-grow plant's flowers are between 2 and 5 inches wide and generally funnel-like. Its leaves are sticky and have an odor. Grow this ornamental plant in bright sun and propagate via seed in USDA hardiness zones of 9 through 10.


The Tagetes spp. from the aster/daisy family is an easy-to-grow and fast growing annual. Known as marigolds, they range from 6 inches to 3 feet tall depending on the cultivar. Flowers are 2 to 3 inches wide and bronze, orange or yellow. Their dark green leaves are aromatic. Marigolds will grow in any soil in full zone and can be propagated via seed in USDA hardiness zones of 9 through 11.


Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale from the aster/daisy family, is a fast-growing perennial typically thought of as a weed. Flowers are yellow, 2 inches wide and on stems 2 to 18 inches tall. Its leaves are 2 to 15 inches long and basal (toward the base of the stem). They can grow in full sun to partial shade and are propagated via seed in USDA hardiness zones of 3 through 9.


The forsythia, from the olive family, is known as an easy-to-grow and fast-growing shrub. It gets 10 feet high and 15 feet wide with flowers that are 1 two 2 inches wide. Forsythia can grow in full sun or dappled shade in well-drained soils. Propagate it via cuttings in USDA hardiness zones of 4 through 8.


About the Author


T.M. Samuels has been a freelance writer since 1993. She has published works in "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living" and "Mature Years," and is the author of a gardening book. Samuels studied pre-medicine at Berry College.