Worms are an essential part of the growing environment and provide many benefits, such as enhancing the structure of soil, improving soil aeration, reducing erosion, improving soil permeability and fertility, increasing the amount of moisture plants can absorb and helping produce nutrient-rich soil for planting and growing. In addition, research presented at the 10th Annual International Petroleum Environmental Conference indicates that worms have the ability to cleanse soil of certain chemicals otherwise deemed toxic to the environment.
Obtain earthworms from a lawn or garden supply store or a bait and tackle store. Alternatively, you can pull worms directly from the soil in your outdoor garden.
Determine which plants will provide a healthy environment for the worms. Earthworms require moderately moist soil to thrive; avoid placing worms in planters containing cacti or other plants that do not require significant amounts of moisture.
Allow four to eight worms for each 1-gallon planter. Use more worms for larger planters and fewer for smaller planters.
Use a hand trowel to loosen the top of the soil in each planter. Place the earthworms on top of the loosened soil.
Lightly water the soil to get the earthworms moving and provide them with moisture. The earthworms will soon begin housekeeping in their new home.