Grapes are one of the oldest fruits known to mankind. Stories of Noah in several religious traditions mention him as the first grower of grapes, maker of wines and an all-around model of intemperance. Evidence suggests that wild prehistoric grapes were first cultivated in 6,000 B.C. in Asia near present-day Georgia. From there, they spread south into the Fertile Crescent. With a rich history of cultivation, the best methods of growing grapes are already clear. Grape vines should be trained so that the largest and heartiest canes develop. These canes should then be tied to a stake.
Wait until spring to plant grapevines. Grapevines planted in fall may die due to soil heave.
Examine your grapevines for signs of damage. Prune away any dead canes or roots. Remove all but the strongest cane.
Select a spot in the ground for your vine below a wire trellis in an already established grape vine row, or in a place where you plan to establish a grape vine row and install a wire trellis.
Dig a hole for your vine’s root system in the ground that is slightly larger than the root system.
Place your vine’s root ball in the ground and cover with dirt. Gently pat around the root ball to dislodge any air pockets from the soil.
Place a stake tip downward into the ground next to the vine’s root ball.
Pound the stake into the ground just beyond the limit of the root system.
Place the vine against the stake so that it stands upright and loosely tie it to the stake using garden ties. This will keep the vine off the ground until it is large enough to be tied to a wire trellis.