The pomegranate is a small deciduous tree that grows to a height of approximately 12 to 16 feet and has a rounded shrub shape. The tree produces glossy leaves on stiff, spiny branches that have thorns. Pomegranate trees will begin fruit production two to three years after planting and continue to fruit for approximately 15 years. Plant in a location that offers full sun, as it requires high temperatures during fruit production in order to produce a flavorful fruit.
Find a location to plant the pomegranate that has a well-draining soil and full sun conditions. The warmest part of the garden is an ideal planting location. The pomegranate will grow in most soil conditions, but a slightly acidic soil is desired.
Dig a hole that is the same depth as the container the pomegranate came in and slightly wider. Place the tree into the hole so the top of the root ball is not below ground level. Gently pack the soil around the root ball.
Water the tree well after planting for the first two weeks to keep the soil moist. Continue to water the tree every two to four weeks through the dry summer months to establish the root system. Irrigate established trees every other week during the dry summer months if fruit production is desired.
Fertilize established pomegranate trees to improve fruit quality. Apply two pounds of an 8-8-8 fertilizer to young established trees in the fall and again in early spring. Apply four pounds of 8-8-8 fertilizer to mature trees.
Train the pomegranate tree during the first year of growth once it reaches two feet in height. Cut back the tree stem and branches to keep only four to five shoots at a height of one foot. Make sure the shoots are evenly placed around the stem.
Prune to remove sucker shoots as they appear growing out of the ground around the base of the trunk. Prune to shorten shoot growth each year on an annual basis for the first three years to increase the amount of new shoots growing from the branches.
Propagate the pomegranate tree by taking a 12- to 20-inch stem cutting from one-year-old growth in the dormant winter months. Remove the leaves from the cutting and dip the cut end into rooting hormone. Insert the cutting two-thirds the length of the cutting into a rooting medium and place in a warm location.