Mulberry trees come in several varieties. Some, such as the black mulberry, only grow in warm areas with mild winters while other types, such as the white mulberry, can thrive in most areas. These deciduous trees may reach heights of 20 to 60 feet, providing shade to the home landscape. There are both fruiting and non-fruiting varieties, with the fruiting varieties producing edible fruit. Mulberry only require minimal care as they are fairly low-maintenance.
Plant mulberry in areas with full-sunlight and in rich, well-drained soil. Plant on the south or east side of tall buildings so the light to the tree is not blocked.
Water mulberry trees once a week the first year after planting. Provide a single deep watering once a week, irrigating slowly over the course of one hour to ensure the root zone is thoroughly moistened. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy, for the first year.
Fertilize each spring with a balanced 10-10-10 analysis tree fertilizer. Follow fertilizer label instructions for exact application amounts, as these depend on the size of your tree and the type of fertilizer.
Prune mulberry trees in winter once they have dropped their leaves. Remove low branches along the trunk with a pruning saw and cut out any dead or damaged branches in the crown of the tree. If branches are becoming long and beginning to droop to the ground, they can be pruned back to the desired length to prevent this.
Water trees that are more than one year old only during extended dry periods. Allow the soil around the tree to dry out between waterings. Apply a 2-inch layer of mulch around the tree to help preserve moisture in the soil.
Things You Will Need
- Pruning saw
- Mulberry trees are both drought and flood tolerant.
- Mulberry trees are pest and disease resistant.
- The berries from fruiting mulberry stain walkways and structures. Plant only non-fruiting varieties if the staining is a concern at your site.
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