Climbing plants like vines are some of the best plants to use for a trellis. Most vines will train themselves to climb a trellis. Grown on a trellis, these plants can decorate and beautify your home. They provide shade, act as privacy screens, block undesirable views and encourage birds. Set the trellises 12 to 18 inches from the side of the house, wall or fence to allow good air flow.
The balloon vine (Cardiospermum halicacbum) is also known as love-in-a-puff. This deciduous vine grows 10 feet tall with a square stem and deep, notched leaves. It produces small white flowers and puffy, light green seed pods. This rapidly growing vine needs full sun exposure. Tie this vine to the trellis because the tendril strength is weak. The balloon vine grows as a perennial in warm climates, but is treated as an annual plant in area with a cold winter. This is a plant that is used as a privacy screen.
Black Eyed Susan Vine
Black eyed Susan vine (Thunbergia alata) grows 6 to 8 feet tall. From June to October, this vine produces daisy-like blossoms that are bright yellow, orange or white with black or brown centers. Plant in areas with moist and good-draining soil. This vine requires full to partial sunlight. It wraps itself around the trellis support to reach up high in the air.
Cup and Saucer Vine
Cup and saucer vine (Cobaena scandens) is also known as coral bells, cathedral bells and monastery bells. It rapidly grows 25 to 30 feet tall in the full sun. This tropical vine produces white, purple, lavender and violet flowers that hang upside down in the early summer. The flowers give off an unpleasant odor when they first open. The cup and sauce vine climb up trellises with the use of its tendrils.
Cross vine (Bignonia capreolata) is also called the trumpet flower. It grows 30 to 50 feet in moist, well-draining soil. In mid-spring, it produces orange-red 2-inch trumpet-shaped flowers. These fragrant blooms do best in full sun, but the vine does tolerate light shade. In the late fall, the green leaves turn purplish. The cross vine is an evergreen, unless exposed to freezing winter weather. Flowers for next year grow on new wood. The cross vine uses twining tendrils to pull itself up trellises.