Roses have been a popular choice for flower lovers for a very long time. According to the University of Illinois, these fragrant and beautiful flowers have been cultivated by gardeners for over 5,000 years. Roses, which historically have been symbols of beauty and prestige, were even used as currency in Europe in the 17th century. There are over 6,500 types of roses, which means you have plenty to choose from when selecting one for your own garden.
Old European Roses
These roses are some of the oldest cultivated roses. Native to Europe, they are known for being able to withstand very cold winters and do best when planted in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 5. These fragrant roses tend to have many ruffled petals and are a classic addition to any garden as long as that garden is not in a climate that has year-round warmth. Popular roses in this group include Lady Banks, Greit en Rose, Baronne Prevost and Rose de Rescht.
Climbing roses are vigorous growers that can climb up to 20 feet in just one growing season. Some are very vertical plants that grow straight up, with long, strong canes. This type of climbing rose is a repeat bloomer. Fourth of July (which features variegated petals) and Berries and Cream are two such examples. Others are smaller and tend to ramble in their growth habit, much like vines do. These plants, which have flexible canes, only bloom once in the summer, although some do bloom again in the fall. American Pillar and Newport Fairy, which features clusters of small, bright pink blooms, are two popular examples.
Hybrid Tea Roses
Hybrid tea roses are one of the most popular type of rose in the world. Known for their long stems topped by one, single bloom, they are the most common type of rose sold by florists for cutting or for use in bouquets. Mr. Lincoln, a deep red variety, is especially popular in America. Other names of these beautiful flowers include Black Magic, which is so dark red that it is almost black, and Gemini, which has pale yellow blooms edged in pink.
Shrub roses are those roses that do not easily fit into one of the other categories. They are known for their symmetrical round-shaped bushes and blooms and are hardy to cold weather and diseases. Older varieties can grow as tall as six feet. The names of some popular shrub roses are Senior Prom (a sub-zero rose) Charles Albanel (a rose developed for Canadian winters) and Louis Joliet, a trailing shrub rose that features masses of pink, fragrant flowers.