Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →

Plants That Live on Trees or Air

Plants that live on trees or air are either epiphytic or parasitic. Epiphytic plants are more commonly called "air plants." Epiphytic plants are different from parasitic plants in that they do not take any nutrients from their host tree. They take their nutrients from the air only. Parasitic plants also are attached to trees, but take some or all of their nutrients from the tree rather than the air.

Tillandsia cyanea

Tillandsia cyanea is an epiphytic plant and the most popular of the air plants. Tillandsia air plants attach to trees and rocks and obtain all the minerals and water they need from the humid, tropical air that surrounds them. Cyanea features think, curved green leaves and spiked bracts that encircle large purple flowers. This plant needs a lot of moisture and thrives best if you put wet moss around the roots.

  • Plants that live on trees or air are either epiphytic or parasitic.
  • Epiphytic plants are different from parasitic plants in that they do not take any nutrients from their host tree.

Tillandsia caput-medusae

This tillandsia is actually easier to grow than cyanea, although it is much less showy. Caput-medusae has silver-colored, twisting leaves that are reminiscent of the snakes on the head of Medusa, thus giving the plant its name. Caput-medusae has a red flower stalk and a wide base.

Mistletoe

Mistletoe is a a common semi-parasitic plant. There are many species of mistletoe, some of which even attach to cacti. Most types, however, live on trees. One of the most common types of mistletoe is Phoradendron, which means "tree thief." Phoradendron attaches itself to oak trees. Mistletoe is a semi-parasitic plant because it does go through the process of photosynthesis, which means it only gets some of its nutrients from the host tree.

  • This tillandsia is actually easier to grow than cyanea, although it is much less showy.
  • Caput-medusae has silver-colored, twisting leaves that are reminiscent of the snakes on the head of Medusa, thus giving the plant its name.

Cuscuta (Dodder)

Cuscuta (Dodder) is an interesting parasitic plant because its seeds to sprout in or near soil; but, after germination, the plant must attach itself to a host within 10 days or it will die. Dodder can attach to any plant, but it thrives best when attached to trees. The plant has long, thin leaves that are yellowish in color. These leaves wind their way around a plant and can crawl even to the top of a tree's canopy. A completely infected tree can look like it is covered in a long, hairy yellow wig.

Related Articles

Plants That Absorb Water From Air
Plants That Absorb Water From Air
Facts on Liana Plants in the Rainforest
Facts on Liana Plants in the Rainforest
Plants That Do Not Need a Root System to Grow
Plants That Do Not Need a Root System to Grow
Is the Weeping Willow Deciduous?
Is the Weeping Willow Deciduous?
What Do Lichens Look Like?
What Do Lichens Look Like?
Mistletoe on Desert Willow
Mistletoe on Desert Willow
Ornamental Trees in the Philippines
Ornamental Trees in the Philippines
What is the Growth Rate of a Holly Tree?
What is the Growth Rate of a Holly Tree?
Why Do Plants Need Air to Live?
Why Do Plants Need Air to Live?
Epiphytic Plants of Florida
Epiphytic Plants of Florida
Largest Spiders in Michigan
Largest Spiders in Michigan
Symbiotic Relationship of the Orchid & Tree
Symbiotic Relationship of the Orchid & Tree
Parasite Plants of Florida
Parasite Plants of Florida
Hot & Dry Climate Plants
Hot & Dry Climate Plants
Features of Desert Plants
Features of Desert Plants
Garden Guides
×