Trees that survive in winter can be showy and ornamental or go into a state of dormancy to rebloom the following spring. Trees that flower during the wintertime include many varieties and give the landscape a vibrant, visual appeal. Winter trees are just one of the ways that you can have a landscape that thrives in any season.
Cornelian-cheery dogwood, Cornus mas, is hardy to USDA zone 4. It is deciduous and rounded and will grow at least 20 feet. Leaves are dark green, glossy and 2 to 4 inches long. They turn yellow, red and purple in the fall. Flowers are yellow and clustered by March or April. Fruits are red and form by mid summer. Plant this dogwood in full sun or partial shade, in well-drained soil. Propagate via seed or cuttings. It does well in winter.
Goat willow, Salix caprea, is hardy to USDA zone 4. It is deciduous and upright and will grow 15 to 25 feet. It is a fast-growing tree with simple, dark green leaves, 2 to 4 inches long. They will turn yellow in fall. Flowers are in April and white, 1 to 2 inches long. Plant a goat willow in full sun, in moist soil. This tree will adapt to the pH of the soil. Propagate via cuttings. Goat willow has nice fall foliage and early flowering.
Vernal witchhazel, Hamamelis vernalis, is hardy to USDA zone 5. It is deciduous and multi-stemmed with a medium growth rate. It grows 6 to 10 feet with simple medium green leaves, 2 to 5 inches long. They will turn gold in the fall. Flowers are in winter, yellow and fragrant. Fruits are black seeds in September. Plant this tree in full sun, in well-drained soil. Propagate via seed or cuttings. This tree flowers in winter for visual effect.
Paper birch, Betula papyrifera, is hardy to USDA zone 2. It is deciduous and fast growing, between 50 and 70 feet in height. Leaves are dark green and pointed, 2 to 4 inches long. They will turn bright yellow in the fall. Flowers appear in very early spring. Plant this tree in any soil, in full sun. Propagate by seed or cuttings. This tree does well in the winter.
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