List of Cross Pollination Trees for Honeycrisp Apple Trees
In order to produce the most fruit, apple trees need another apple tree, preferably a different variety of apple, with which it can exchange pollen. This process is known as cross-pollination. Both bees and the wind serve to transfer pollen between trees. Trees intended to cross pollinate each other must bloom at about the same time in order for the exchange of pollen to take place. Honeycrisp is one of the first apple varieties to bloom in the spring, so it needs pollinators that also bloom at about the same time.
The bright crimson apple is a cross between Jonathan and Wagener, developed in Idaho in 1935. The flesh is green or pink tinged. Idared apples mature in late September or early October.
The Jonafree apple was developed in Illinois in 1979. Jonafree trees produce a large quantity of bright red fruit. Jonafree apples can be harvested in mid-September and keep well.
Jonathan apples have been cultivated since before the Civil War. The red-tinged fruit of Jonathan apples is crisp and mildly acidic. Jonathans are harvested in October. The trees are known to be heavy producers.
Empire apples were developed in 1966 from a cross between Red Delicious and McIntosh. A dark red apple with very white flesh, Empires are prized for desserts and cider. Empire apples are harvested in September.
Liberty apples are similar to McIntosh, good for pies and cider. Liberty apple trees are very disease resistant. They're harvested in October.
Manchurian Crab Apple
Crab apples can successfully cross-pollinate apple trees. Manchurian crab apples are a type of Siberian crab apple tree. They're very cold hardy and planted as ornamentals, producing large white blossoms in spring. The fruit is pea-sized and attracts birds and wild life.
List Of Cross Pollination Trees For Honeycrisp Apple Trees
Cross pollination requires the bloom times of two trees to overlap. Trees in flowering group 4 will overlap in bloom time, be pollinated by and help pollinate trees in groups 3, 4 and 5. The Honeycrisp apple tree is self-fertile, but even self-fertile trees give a better crop of apples when cross pollinated from another tree. The Calville Blanc is a classic dessert apple that dates from the late 16th century that grows well in zones 4 to 7. This variety of crabapple provides a good flavor for cider. The Malus Golden Hornet crabapple is a late-season bloomer in flowering group 5. If the trees are to be planted near each other, they should be grafted onto rootstock that will provide a similar sized tree.
- Missouri University: Pollinating Fruit Crops
- All About Apples
- Orange Pippin: Honeycrisp Apple
- University of Minnesota Extension: Honeycrisp Apple
- Orange Pippin Trees: Pollination Checker
- The Best Apple to Buy and Grow; Beth Hanson, editor
- Ohio State University Extension: Growing Apples in the Home Orchard
- NC State University Cooperative Extension Service: Growing Apples in the Home Garden