The peach tree is popular in the United States and is the second-most popular fruit consumed. The tree is native to Asia, where it is known to have been growing for 2,000 years. Peach trees are self-pollinators, meaning they do not need additional trees growing in the area to produce fruit. Bees and other nectar-collecting insects assist in the pollination process by moving the pollen around the tree for fertilization.
Purchase a peach tree cultivar hardy for the growing area. Choose a tree approximately 3 to 4 feet tall.
Choose a planting location that has a sandy loam soil that is well-drained, with full sun conditions.
Contact your local county university extension office to complete a soil test of the area. The results will give recommendations for pH alterations and fertilizer application.
Dig a hole 5 to 6 feet wide and 10 to 12 inches deep. Add organic compost or composted manure to the hole. Place the tree in the hole, making sure the bud union remains 1 inch above the ground level. Fill the hole with a mixture of soil and compost.
Prune the tree to approximately 26 inches in height immediately after planting. Remove all side or lateral branches.
Gently shake the tree once blossoms appear to loosen the pollen in cases where the tree appears to have problems with pollination. Hire a honey bee producer to place hives near the trees if bees are not present in the area.
Limit pesticide use in the area as the chemical will kill bees and other pollinating insects.
Things You Will Need
- Soil test
- Organic compost
- Tree pruner
- A tree that doesn't pollinate well will have small, hard fruit or produce many small fruits. Remove a portion of the small fruit to allow the others to grow and ripen.