Beginning gardeners may quickly become overwhelmed with the vast selection of flowers available today. A guide of each season’s flowers is helpful in narrowing down choices and for distinguishing what flowers are best suited for the season on hand. If planting a garden in a warmer or colder climate, these seasons may have a slight overlap depending on the average temperature highs and lows.
These flowers are often the most recognizable since they pop out the ground after a long period of bleakness, and they typically appear after the danger of frost has passed. Daffodils, which come in an astounding array of colors, bloom in the early spring. Other spring flowers include the beloved tulip, the lovely flower of mid-spring, as well as hyacinths, which add a pleasing scent to any garden. Rhododendrons, azaleas, scilla, cosmos and bluebell are also popular spring blooms.
Warmer weather and extended periods of sun support a wide selection of summer flowers. Summer is one of the most favorable times of the year for flowers, and as such, there is a large selection available. Popular selections include the day lily, sunflower, magnolia, peony, rose, iris and poppy. Other options include dayflower, golden flower, paintbrush and Jacob’s ladder.
Dwindling sunlight and cooler temperatures call for hardy blooms such as the popular Chrysanthemum, which comes in a wide variety of colors ranging from bright yellow to rusty red. Goldenrod, a wildflower now showcased in many home gardens, is also active during this time. Some regions are favorable towards sunflowers during early autumn. Additional fall blooms include asters, fall-blooming crocus and Autumn Joy Sedum. To extend the life of fall flowers, add mulch around the base a few weeks before the anticipated first frost.
Although winter is traditionally known as a gray and colorless time in the garden, certain flowers and plants do produce color during this cold season. Hardy fall blooms may last into the early winter, but frequent frosts can diminish their ability. Witch hazels, a blooming shrub, is hardy for early winter. The helleborus flower is a favorite winter adornment producing a striking contrast between dark green foliage and colorful blooms. Additional winter flowers include snow crocus and glory-of-the-snow.