Fruit trees can be both ornamental and useful in the landscape. Fruit bearing trees can make for a nice backdrop along a fence line or as a centerpiece to a garden plot. Some may prefer to make orchards with a plot devoted to the fruit trees. Some of the more interesting fruit trees can make for great kitchen creations as additional household food as well.
Kumquat, or Fortunella spp., is a part of the Rutaceae, or citrus, family. It is a fragrant evergreen that attracts butterflies. The kumquat is a densely branched tree, getting 8 to 10 feet tall with 2- to 3-inch leaves. Flowers show in spring, and bright orange fruits appear in the fall. The plant prefers full sun and is easy to maintain. It will need average watering and can be propagated via rootstock grafting. Fruits last from October to March.
Navel orange, or Citrus sinensis, is a part of the Rutaceae, or citrus, family. It is a fragrant evergreen that will also attract butterflies. It will get 20 to 30 feet tall with 15 to 20 feet wide spread. Leaves are 4 inches long. Flowers are white and fragrant and bloom in the spring. Oranges appear the following fall or winter. The tree requires full sun and is somewhat drought tolerant. It needs 40 to 45 inches of rainfall for best oranges. Propagate via bud cuttings grafted onto 1- to 2-year-old seedlings of similar species.
Pomegranate, or Punica granatum, is from the Punicaceae, or pomegranate, family. It is a 6- to 12-foot shrub. Leaves are 3 inches long with orange red flowers about 2 inches long and trumpet shaped. The fruit is 2 to 3 inches across that is technically a berry. The pomegranate requires full sun and regular watering. It can be propagated via softwood cuttings in summer, hardwood cuttings in winter, seeds or layering.
Meyers lemon, or Citrus meyeri, is from the Rutaceae, or citrus, family. It is a fragrant evergreen tree that will attract butterflies. The tree will get 6 to 10 feet tall with canary yellow fruits that get 3 inches wide. These lemons are sweet and juicier than true lemons. They require full sun but can grow in partial shade, they need 40 inches of rain or more a year, and they can be propagated via cuttings.
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