There are many spots in most gardeners’ yards that get nothing but direct sunlight. So many gardeners will see their favorite plants wither under the heat and fade to brown. For plants more designed to withstand the heat of the sun and the directness of the light you will want full sun plants. These plants specified as “full sun” will be able to take heat and direct light.
Swamp Sunflower, or Helianthus angustifolius, is from the Asteraceae/Compositae, or aster/daisy, family. It is part of more than 70 true sunflower species. This is a perennial that loves watery locations and will attract butterflies to the garden. It will get to 6 feet in height, have leaves from 3 to 6 inches long, and produce yellow flowers 2 to 3 inches wide. It requires full sun and moist soil, well drained, to thrive. Propagate via root mass division in spring or fall or via seed in spring.
Indian Wood-oats, or Chasmanthium latifolium, is from the Poaceae/Gramineae, or grass, family. It is a perennial ornamental grass that reaches 2 to 5 feet tall. Leaves are 1 inch wide. Flowers are in clusters, 1 to 2 inches long. The leaves get tan in fall and in winter will get reddish bronze. It prefers moist soil, full sun, and can be propagated via springtime clump division or by seeds.
Garden Pea, or Pisum sativum, is from the Fabaceae/Leguminosae, or bean, family. It is an annual vine that gets 5 feet high with a peapod up to 5 inches long. It will take 75 days to reach a full maturity level to be edible. The plant requires full sun, regular watering, and may need a trellis to grow on for stability. It will be propagated via seed.
Pineapple, or Ananas comosus, is from the Bromeliaceae, or pineapple, family. It is a perennial that is good for a beginning gardener. The pineapple plant will get 12 inches tall in a cone shaped cluster with dark green leaves 3 feet long. The fruit, the pineapple, can weigh up to 14 lbs. The plant requires full sun and moderate humidity. It can be propagated via offsets.
Rain Tree, or Attalea cohune, is from the Arecacea/Palmae, or palm, family. It is an evergreen palm that will attract birds to the garden. Leaves can be 33 feet tall with a trunk of 20 to 50 feet tall. Flower clusters 5 ft long are cream colored. Rain tree prefers full sun and regular applications of fertilizer. It can be propagated via seeds.